Holy Bible

Modern Literal Version

New Testament

2017 Update

(February 23, 2017)




 

(The Open Source Bible Translation)

(The world’s most accurate English translation.)

NOTES: There is only one master copy which caters to electronic formats since electronic downloads are 1000 to 1 the book sales, so please excuse various formatting issues. Plus in many instances, we threw out traditional ways of doing things for methods that work better.

 

Table of Contents (TOC) for the electronic Modern Literal Version (MLV):

 

Matthew 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24 . 25 . 26 . 27 . 28

Mark 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16

Luke 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24

John 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21

 

Acts: The Book of Conversions 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24 . 25 . 26 . 27 . 28

 

Romans 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16

1 Corinthians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16

2 Corinthians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13

Galatians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

Ephesians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

Philippians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4

Colossians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4

1 Thessalonians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

2 Thessalonians 1 . 2 . 3

1 Timothy 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

2 Timothy 1 . 2 . 3 . 4

Titus 1 . 2 . 3

Philemon

Hebrews 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13

James 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

1 Peter 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

2 Peter 1 . 2 . 3

1 John 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

2 John

3 John

Jude

 

Revelation 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22

 

Table of Contents for the Modern Literal Version (book form):

 

Copyright

Preface

General Translation Notes

Definitions

Simple Reading Schedule

Evangelism & Truth

Introduction to the Good News

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John

Introduction to Acts: The Book of Conversions

Acts

Introduction to the Letters

Romans

1 Corinthians

2 Corinthians

Galatians

Ephesians

Philippians

Colossians

1 Thessalonians

2 Thessalonians

1 Timothy

2 Timothy

Titus

Philemon

Hebrews

James

1 Peter

2 Peter

1 John

2 John

3 John

Jude

Revelation

Traditions and Selling Bibles

Talking to Others about the MLV

Verb, Tenses, Moods

The New Koine Greek Textbook (Offshoot of the MLV)

Constantly Changing Verses or Wording

English Words That Share the Same Greek Word

Notes to Translators of Foreign Language Bibles

Greek History During New Testament Times

Wording for UK English Dictionary

Bible Accuracy Chart

The Modern Literal Version Wording Statistics

 

Holy Bible

Modern Literal Version

New Testament

2017 Update

 

© Copyright 1999, 2016 by G. Allen Walker, Co-Editor. World-wide restrictions as follows:

 

We are not here to make money and we will entertain requests for any items not listed below.

 

1. The purpose of a Copyright is to prevent others from claiming a Copyright and subsequently altering the text.

 

2. When quoting the Modern Literal Version, the quotes are to be noted by Modern Literal Version or MLV. Footnoting larger amounts is totally acceptable.

 

3. This translation may be used in any Bible commentary, study module, tract, class book, or similar study materials as long as it is noted according to the guidelines above, and the MLV’s part does not exceed 80% of the volume of the total project; so ‘have at it.’ Essentially, you may quote 6,000 verses without permission. (Contact us, we will be happy to assist you in the completion of your project.)

 

4. After 80% you are prohibited from selling the Copyrighted MLV! Are you aware of violations? Please let us know.

 

5. Incorporation of the MLV into a computer-generated software format, non-profit or give-away, is permissible, provided that you have initiated a request to do so in writing. Should you violate our restrictions, and sell your product, any MLV notation must be removed from the product. If you find any software or module that is not linked from our main web page, consider the files there as being altered, pirated or may potentially contain spyware.

 

6. The HTML version and search engine can be reproduced on other web sites but requires permission. (There are too many old copies of the MLV around and we would like to have those updated.)

 

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8. The authorized Kindle edition is available only from amazon.com in BOLD Letter for color blind people and Kindles or Red Letter Editions.

 

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Preface to the Modern Literal Version 2017 TOC

 

Quick Overview

 

The Modern Literal Version uses the Majority Text (The New Testament in the Original Greek, Byzantine Textform 2005, Compiled and Arranged by Maurice A. Robinson and William Pierpont).

 

Two distinct and opposite techniques are used in translating the New Testament from the Greek. The Modern Literal Version is the first type, a ‘literal’ translation sometimes called ‘word-for-word’ translation. The second, and most common in the past 30 years, is to paraphrase the Greek into English. The latter type of translation is known by various names such as: dynamic equivalence, free style, thought-for-thought, better than a word-for-word, essentially literal and so on. We understand the value of paraphrases for those looking for a Bible that reads as easily as a newspaper, however we feel strongly about having a Bible without opinions, and instead faithfully reproducing the original Greek Bible into Modern English. One way to look at it is like this: if there was a court case with a particular document that was being used as evidence, and this document was in a foreign language, would a ‘thought-for-thought’ translation be acceptable? The ‘document’ we are talking about here is the ‘Last Will and Testament’ of our Lord Jesus and Savior. The goal of everyone who has worked on the Modern Literal Version has been to keep any form of commentary or paraphrase out of the translation as is humanly possible. The MLV is not sold for profit because there is no denomination, publishing company, foundation or government behind it. All Christian groups have had the opportunity to propose fixes for the MLV or to assist in some way. The only uninspired traditions kept in the MLV are: punctuation and capitalization; chapter and verse numbers; and book order.

 

The Open Source Bible Translation

 

The Modern Literal Version New Testament is considered ‘completed,’ although it has been open for revision by anyone since 1998. Our utmost desire is to have a translation that has no translation errors in it and we believe that the best way to produce an error-free translation is to keep it open to the public in the same manner as ‘open-source software’ is to programmers. In 16 years, we have found no better way than our ‘open’ translation idea to achieve this goal. Absolutely anyone in the world is able to contribute to the translation, including, the several million who have visited the Christian Library. You, too, may make recommendations or help in other ways, with either Greek or English type proofreading. If the recommendations warrant another update next year, we will do one each year in printed form and a Kindle edition, otherwise we will provide a corrections list on the website. Free electronic versions are updated periodically throughout the year, as needed on the web sites and Facebook. The ‘cutting edge’ update is always the BOLD Letter Edition PDF at:

http://www.ModernLiteralVersion.org/bibles/MLV/MLVBL.pdf

 

As far as we know, this ‘open’ translation idea is unique to the MLV. You are invited to participate in helping to make the MLV error-free. There is even a Facebook group at https://www.facebook.com/groups/MLVbible. All who have helped have contributed to further the readability or accuracy of this translation or simply have double checked previous efforts. Now is the time for the Bible to be placed in the hands of everyday Christians, without employing a huge publishing company focused on making money. If you can suggest any corrections please send an email to mlvbible@gmail.com with subject line: ‘MLV’.

 

History

 

The ‘Modern Literal Version New Testament’ came about in 1987 due to a young Christian’s goal to find an accurate Modern English translation from which to study. The New American Standard contradicted itself in Matthew 5:17 and Ephesians 2:15 for example. Almost all other Modern English translations do not claim to be literal or word-for-word and most that make such a claim are factually not. Concordance look-ups in all existing translations present non-uniform Greek word renderings and this too was an issue of concern.

 

A Bible Study Group, of which this new Christian was a part, was actively doing topical, English and Greek word studies with their Bibles and ‘Englishman’s Greek Concordances.’ They discovered that the ASV was the most accurate translation, and initially started a study Bible cross reference section for it. Then an idea developed to do a computerized revision of the 1901 American Standard Version for the public domain, code named ‘ASV3'. Eventually, these ideas were dropped due to too many problems: the underlying Greek text, massive footnoting, archaic words, inconsistent Greek word translations, etc. A better idea grew, the creation of a modern (English) literal version (which later became its name). A group of workers, computer owners and scholars, who believe in the total authority and inspiration of the Bible, devoted time, advice, software, money and work to the project. Now, over 28 years later, at least 62 experts in the original language have contributed work needed to make this translation a reality. Many others, about 250, have also helped with large amounts of proofreading, improvements to English comprehension, double-checking Greek definitions, compounds, synonyms, Greek concordance look-ups, accuracy checks and/or other menial (but extremely essential) tasks. A few thousand corrections have been received via E-mail for changes, so far. We will never be able to express our gratitude enough to all of these people, living and deceased.

 

The MLV was the first translation to use the power of the computer (an 8086), and would have been impossible before the computer age. This translation would have been impossible without WordPerfect (special thanks to Corel Corporation).

 

The original intentions and guidelines for the Modern Literal Version

 

1. To translate the original Greek of the Bible, word-for-word, into English, then to further boost the accuracy of the MLV, we translate the same Greek word into as few different English words as is possible. We also do this for English words by not using the same English word for different Greek words. Careful attention was paid to synonyms, antonyms, compound words and the few Greek words which truly have multiple meanings. One way to look at this is: if God wanted 10 different words used instead of one single Greek word, the inspired writers would have penned it that way. The New Testament is its own best commentary when you see the same Greek word translated into the same English word throughout. We call this ‘uniform and consistent’ translating and we believe that we’re the first translation to ever attempt this. This form of translation is an extremely challenging task, and not one that many translators would ever take the time to do, even though it is now possible to do with computers. More information is in the ‘Wording Statistics’ section at the end of the 8.5'x11' or on the web site or in e-Sword.

 

2. The goal of the MLV was not to make it perfect everyday English, but to try to make it understandable to the majority of English speaking people, while remaining literal. Many sentences in the MLV start with conjunctions like ‘and,’ ‘but,’ ‘for’ and ‘because.’ This was so that we could split incredibly long sentences, some of which were more than 50 words in length, into shorter ones as we were translating the text into English. The Modern Literal Version is at about a 13 year old’s reading level.

 

3. To translate some verses that have been misinterpreted for years by many religious groups, as close as possible to the original language.

 

4. To use italics for supplied words and use supplied words as opposed to paraphrasing. We want people to see what we added.

 

5. To translate the money and measuring systems of the Bible into some understandable form.

 

6. To use ‘will’ for all future tenses. Though it is not proper Modern English. It is the way most English people speak. However, ‘shall’ is retained in questions.

 

7. To use paragraph format. Verse format often take meanings out of context or contributes toward misinterpretations of the context.

 

8. To use the more proper ‘may’ or ‘might’ for the subjunctive mood verbs. The ASV used ‘should’ and ‘shall.’ Shall is not consider ‘conditional’ in Modern English, but future tense. (See more in the ‘Verb, Tenses, Moods’ section).

 

9. To arrange the Greek word order into normal English word order of subject verb object, (SVO). Following Greek word order is not more literal or accurate; if we retained the Greek order it would just be more like an interlinear without the Greek.

 

10. To footnote or explain in the ‘Definitions’ section places where a literal translation could not be understood or an idiom used by the common Greeks. For example: ‘into/to the ages’ is an idiom for ‘forever.’ (These are not as common as many people would have you believe).

 

11. To render active tense verbs as ‘is/are verb-ing’ to help show action. Many people wrongly say the ‘-eth’ ending used in older translations meant continual action. It was simply the way they spoke before the 1800's.

 

12. To fix the preposition and conjunction problems that plague all translations. Our biggest fix is the English word ‘for’ that was used even in the ASV for several Greek words which mean ‘because of,’ ‘because,’ ‘to,’ ‘ toward,’ ‘of,’ ‘in/on behalf of’ and a mild form of ‘because.’ The MLV translated all Greek words that mean ‘because,’ ‘because of’ and ‘in/on behalf of’ as such. The other meanings are shown by use of asterisks (*) with the two most common Greek words translated as ‘for’ (‘eis,' G1520 = *for and G1063 ‘gar’ = for*).

 

13. To avoid inconsistencies caused by splitting up the translators and proofreaders into groups. A typical translation may have 100 plus people but by the time you split them into 25 or more committees the number of people in one particular book might be as little as 4 and those different groups can cause stylistic and translation variations. Those who volunteer with the MLV tend to work all the way through the New Testament, so in the MLV the total per book far exceeds any committee type translation.

 

14. To include a Harmony of the New Testament with AD dates, which gives a person the ability to read the New Testament straight through or in chronological order. (Start at Mark, then go to Acts: The Book of Conversions.)

 

15. When traditional rendering are not Greek, they will be translated properly. Oh well the theologians will just have to adjust; (added in 2013 because we found us also following tradition).

 

16. Translate words using their full translation even if a little too wordy in places to denote differences between English wording used for different Greek wording. Two examples are: ‘together with’ vs. ‘with’ (G4862 & its compounds); ‘go-onward’ vs. ‘go’ (G4198 and its compounds).

 

The 1987-1999 version, at roughly 95% completed, was formally U.S. copyrighted and placed into the ‘Christian Library’ in June, 1999 at http://www.ChristianLibrary.org. In 2014, the MLV has an official site http://www.ModernLiteralVersion.org. The Christian Library is a mirror site to deal with most of the bandwidth issues (special thanks to ISCnetwork.com).

http://www.ModernLiteralVersion.com is for future growth in 2017.

 

Finally, a challenge to all who think that another translation is more accurate to the original Greek than the MLV: show us the correction needed! Please remember ‘thus saith the Greek’ not ‘my version says.’ This translation needs to be judged by the Greek, not anything else!

 

In Christ,

G. Allen Walker, June 9, 1999.

Computer Tech for the New Testament, 1987-2012

Revised and updated by multiple helpers from 2001-2015.

To God is the glory. Amen.

 

General Translation Notes TOC

 

We want an error-free translation. We want your input should you ever find a typo or a better Greek correction for the MLV. As far as we know the MLV is the only Bible in print that does. Please check: www.modernliteralversion.org for a current PDF update to make sure the typo or fix has not already been applied before submitting to mlvbible@gmail.com. Thank you in advance.

 

The primary goal is to keep the MLV free from theological concerns and traditions by translating the text as literally as possible while retaining modern language and readability. The ‘Open Source’ approach is also a great ‘checks and balance’ system.

 

The MLV is NOT under the control of any denomination or publishing company or government and is not the current work of any either that is why it can be sold for no profit.

 

The Greeks wrote in present tense to give the reader the feeling of ‘being there’ and so this translation leaves present tense unchanged.

 

Asterisks (*) are used for denoting words listed in the ‘Definitions’ section below. These are for the few instances where the English translation does not lend itself to a satisfactory meaning of the underlying Greek word. In addition to this, we use an asterisk to denote the difference between one English word that is being used for two different Greek words (for example, see Age* below.) This substantially aids word studies.

 

A hyphen (-) is used in those places where two English words come from a single Greek word. It is of particular benefit to Greek scholars and the student who wishes to cross-reference words to the MLV concordance and Greek lexicon.

 

Italicized words are words not found directly in the Greek but are implied by the context. These words are sometimes needed to help show action, tense or expansion of the meaning of words that the English does not convey. Since the MLV is literal, not ‘thought-for-thought,' supplied words are of significant assistance for those phrases which are exceptionally difficult to read. By pointing out these words using italics the reader has the option to disregard them. The articles ‘a’ and ‘an’ are not found in the Greek and as such, are always supplied though never marked.

 

Paragraphs are used in this translation with no credence given to chapter or verse numbers since verse formats, chapter titles or other special formatting often takes ideas out of context, (for example, see Mark 8:34 to 9:1). Double spaced paragraphs are an attempt to arrange sentences by subject. Single-spaced paragraphs are for conversations or for sub-topics. We did not include subject headings since we decided this would reflect opinions, and something not desirable in the Word of God.

 

Single or double quotation marks are not used in this translation for conversations, since they are not found in the original language. Adding them would be an area of opinion.

 

We also do not capitalize pronouns that appear to be referring to God (‘Him,’ ‘He’ etc). This is to avoid inserting our opinion in the translation; the Greek does not make these distinctions.

 

Red Lettering or Bold Lettering (electronic or printed edition) is used for the words of Jesus, God the Father and the Holy Spirit even in an indirect quote as in Acts 26. If you do not believe the RED or BOLD should be used in a certain area, please ignore.

 

Greek is participle crazy. A rather large number of participles are found in sentences; it is common that a sentence contains no main verb, and one participle after another. We have added supplied words in an effort to stay more literal and yet break these into smaller, more readable English sentences.

 

The curly brackets ({...}) offer additional information. They are blue in the Red Letter edition or gray in the Bold Letter release. These contain:

            1. The Old Testament reference at the end of the verse, which may be an exact quote or a paraphrase by the inspired writer, or simply the location of the historical event. Single quotes are used at the beginning and end of actual quotes or paraphrases. We did not attempt to translate the Greek in Old Testament quotes to match the Hebrew to English translations.

            2. We use a superscript ‘{F}’ to represent footnotes to the left of the word instead of subscript 1,2,3, etc., as done by most. The reader can read the actual footnote at the end of the chapter. This is just one way we use to keep one master copy for various printed and electronic formats.

            3. We used a {T} to denote wording that is not found in the majority of manuscripts. Most of these were early attempts to harmonize various events which were added into the KJV or maybe commentary that was added which later became part of the text by copyists. The exception being, Acts 8:37 in which the last section ‘I believe Jesus Christ to be the Son of God.’ was quoted in the late 2nd Century by Irenaeus, which predates almost all manuscripts, so 8:37 was inserted back into the MLV text. 1Jn 5.7b-8a was put there from the Catholic Latin Bible and it not included.

            4. ‘Harmony of the New Covenant’ is a man-made study help and combines information from the four books of Jesus’ life here on the earth and place the actual time that the letters were written in the book of Acts. (The Bible was not written in Encyclopedia format. Not all information on any subject is generally all inclusive in any one area.) Here is an example of the ‘Great Commission’ or better ‘How to Make or Become a Disciple of Christ’ and the way it is represented in the Modern Literal Version throughout Mark.

 

{Mk 16:15-18 and Mt 28:18-20 and Lk 24:46-47 Mountain in Galilee}

 

Here is a combination of the above passages as an example, Mark is BOLD, Matthew is black, Luke is gray (the punctuation was fixed to attempt to make it easier to read in English).

 

And he said to them, As you* are going (You* go) into all the world and preach the good-news (thus it has been written, that the Christ must suffer and rise up from the dead the third day), should be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem to the whole creation, make disciples of all the nations.

            He who believes and is immersed, (immersing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit and that repentance and forgiveness of sins) will be saved; teaching them to observe all things whatever I commanded you*.

            But he who disbelieves will be condemned.

And behold, I am with you* all the days, until the end of the world.

 

Definitions TOC

 

A, An are always supplied words in English but not marked in the text.

 

Age* is Strong’s Dictionary number 2244 (henceforth, we will abbreviate as G2214 for electronic and book uniformity). It is used in very much the same way we think of a person’s ‘age.’ The other ‘age, ages’ without the *, is for a period of time. This ‘age’ is also translated as ‘world.’ Context determines which word should be used. See World below.

 

Admonish means to ‘instruct with warning’ G3560.

 

Ambassador(s)* see Apostle below.

 

And from G2532 is used the way we use a comma in lists. We have kept these ‘and’ and any other Greek words that we could, even if they are not ‘English teacher approved.’

 

Apostle is a transliterated word. The English equivalent would be ‘one sent’ with the meaning of ‘one sent on a mission.’ Apostle has been kept when speaking of Jesus’ apostles. Ambassador* is the other rendering of this Greek word and a better translation of G652.

 

Appointed* is G5087 which literally is ‘placed’ but we don’t use ‘placed’ that way in English. The other ‘appointed’ without the * is from compounds of G5021 and means ‘command or appoint.’

 

Assuredly is literally ‘amen’ which roughly means ‘so be it.’ Jesus said this, (sometimes twice), at the beginning of His teachings. In the KJV this was translated ‘verily.’ G281.

 

Baptism see the translation: Immersion.

 

Be, is, are, was, were, being, been verbs are generally ‘helper words’ added to other English verbs, adjectives or rarely nouns, to translate some Greek verbs. When they are not ‘helper words’ then they are from compounds of G1096 (‘become’), G1510 (‘be, is, was...’) and sometimes but rarely G2192 (‘have, hold, help’) and G5225 (denoted as be*, is*, was*, were* being*; exist, possess).

 

Because is probably the largest improvement in the MLV over all other translations. In translations dating from 1423 even up to now, the English word ‘for’ has been used for words that should have always been translated as ‘because,’ G473, G3754, or ‘because of,’ G1223, G1360, G1752, G5484. A synonym that loses so much meaning is ‘on behalf of’ G5228. Jesus did not die for us; he died on behalf of us. See For, also.

 

Believe, belief, faith, faithful, entrust in verb, adjective, adverb, or noun forms, are some of those very few Greek words (G4100, G4102, G4103) which carry more meaning than the English equivalent. These words also carry the meaning: ‘obey,' ‘had been persuaded.’ In the Greek language, the antonym of ‘believe’ is ‘is/was/were disobedient’ (G544). See John 3:36 for both words together in the same verse.

 

Believe in literally means ‘believe into,’ and Believe on literally means ‘believe upon’ in the majority of all places in the New Testament. A similar expression is found in Mat 28:19 ‘into the name.’

 

Belt is impossible to contextually distinguish; it could be a simple belt, or a complex series of leather straps used to hold tools, weapons, money or a belt of armor. The girdle (belt) was worn on the hips, or waist, or across the chest. G2223.

 

Between* is an idiom meaning ‘up through the middle,’ G3319.

 

Blessed* see Gracious* below also. G3107.

 

Bowels are where the Greeks thought the emotions were born. This is where we get expressions such as ‘desires of the heart,’ ‘gut feeling,’ ‘nervous stomach’ and so on. G4698.

 

Brethren is specifically ‘brothers’ but used more often to describe kinfolk, whether by family ties or by the blood of Jesus. Though translated from a Greek masculine noun, G80, the word includes males and females in context.

 

Bring* and other verb forms, can be translated as ‘lead,’ G71 and its compounds. This was done primarily for concordance look-ups.

 

By (and ‘under’) is the literal translation of the Greek word G5229. Otherwise, ‘by’ is a substitution, since the pure English translation just does not really conform to normal English usage. Most of the previous ones in the MLV (before we fixed them) were primarily ‘through’ (‘dia’ G1223) which is now down to 3 or ‘from’ or ‘out of’ (‘ek’ G1537) now down to 6 or the literal ‘in’ (‘en’ G1722) unknown number are left. An interesting fact from this is that ‘by faith’ or ‘by the faith’ was never truly literal. Oh well, the theologians will have to adjust.

 

Call* and other verb forms are from G3004 (say, speak) and might be better as ‘is spoken of as’ or ‘is spoken to be’ and is different from the compounds of the synonyms of G2596 (invited, called, surnamed) and G3687 (is named).

 

Centurion*, used in Mark, is simply the Latin version of the word since he wrote to a Gentile audience.

 

Centurions were military commanders of over 100 soldiers. They were highly esteemed individuals of society. (G2763, Latin root; G1543, Greek.)

 

Charity in the MLV does not mean ‘money.’ It may include money but literally means ‘good, merciful or kind acts.’ G1654

 

Christ is a transliterated Greek adjective, G5547, that would translate as ‘anointed.’ Messiah is the Hebrew translation. In the 2015 version it was rendered as ‘Jesus the Christ’ either a title or a description but dropped in 2016 version.

 

Church, see Congregation* below.

 

Class (a noun) is the priestly service limited to a stated series of days. G2183. This is not to be confused with ‘class’ (a verb), which is found at 2 Cor. 10:12. G1469.

 

Cohort is a Roman military term used to describe a group of 600 soldiers. G4686.

 

Come* and its other verb forms, would literally be ‘become’ or possibly ‘come to be’ but we just don’t speak that way. G1096.

 

Coming (as in Second Coming), G3952, has been translated more properly as ‘presence.’

 

Commanders were military commanders of over 1000 soldiers. G5506

 

Congregation(s)* was the original translation by Tyndale in the first English translation from the Greek and then later changed to ‘church’ by the Reformed Protestants in the Geneva Bible, and is a man-made word. The word ‘church’ was then perpetuated by the Catholic Church and Church of England up until today and is now used in most translations simply because of tradition. This man-made tradition has been used over the centuries to promote a ‘church’ rather than the Lord’s ‘congregation’ of believers. The word in context is not a name but a description of ownership, or simply a local congregation located in some area. The word could be translated ‘assembly.’ In Modern English, most think of ‘church’ as a building. The original Greek word, even in the Bible, carries no special reverence. It is used to describe Jews, a mob, a local congregation, and the congregation of faithful, obedient believers worldwide as in Matthew 16:18, Acts 2:47, called the one body in Eph. 4:1-6, Eph 5:23 and others. Translating this Greek word as ‘the called out’ would be like saying a ‘pineapple’ is an ‘apple produced by a pine tree.’ The word was in use in all Greek writings and meant some form of ‘leaving your home to congregate elsewhere, generally in public for town announcements.’ (G1577).

 

Consequently* is used to translate a couple Greek particles, G686 and G687. Consequently is not exactly ‘therefore’ in English. It means that the previous statement is probably so or will become so.

 

Container(s). The Bible uses Hebrew and Greek measurements, such as ‘cor’ which is a measurement of volume equal to about 90 gallons. We rendered these words as volume + the word ‘container.’ For example, ‘ninety-gallon container.’This was done so we would not have to footnote every mention of these words; see Luke 16:7.

 

Covenant(s)* can be translated as ‘agreement,’ ‘contract,’ ‘testament’ or ‘will’ as in the expression ‘last will and testament.’ The underlying Greek word, G1242 and its compounds were translated uniformly as ‘covenant’ because ‘testament’ has no verb forms in English. It could refer to the Old or New Testament or Covenant, or just a simple agreement, depending on the context. The Old Testament law was until the death of Jesus and the New Testament law is after His death, (see Hebrews 9-10 and Galatians 4:4). The entire letter to the Hebrews deals with why Christians are no longer bound by the laws or traditions of the Old Testament. The events recorded in the Gospels and the first chapter of Acts were actually part of the Old Covenant with God.

 

Cubit is a forearm’s length. About 20-21 inches depending of which cubit measurement was common to that area. G4083.

 

Dead*, die* are literally translated as ‘ended.' G5053.

 

Deacon(s) see footnote in 1 Timothy 3.

 

Denarius is a coin of the Roman currency system which we have retained in the MLV translation. Plural is denarii. The various other denominations are given here a rough comparison to Modern Day American currency.

            1. A denarius was equivalent to a day’s wage of the normal working class. It was a silver coin with Caesar’s face on it. G1220.

            2. Two drachmas was worth about 4 denarius, translated as ‘four-denarii.’ G1323.

            3. A lepton was a bronze coin, translated as ‘bronze-coin.’ Two of these is equal to an Assarion or Quadran which are copper coins worth the cost of a dove or two sparrows, which is about a couple mouthfuls of food. Assarion and Quadran are translated as ‘copper coin.’ About 50 cents in US money. G3016.

            4. Mina which is translated as ‘200 denarius coins’ is a about 80% of a year’s salary in modern terms. In context it probably meant a whole years wage. G3414.

            5. Slater was a coin equal to two drachmas or four denarii, translated as ‘four-denarii coin.’ G4715.

            6. Talant is not a coin but actually about 75 pounds of silver. Equal to about 1 million dollars in US money today which is roughly 6000 denarius coins. Talant has nothing to do with the English word ‘talent’ which was how the Greek word, G5007, was erroneously transliterated in various other translations. This has lead to much confusion and is kept in other translations due to tradition.

 

Devil was changed to ‘the Slanderer’ in the 2013 version, is back in 2015. The Greek word is an adjective used as a noun, a transliteration of Hebrew, which has a perfect English equivalent ‘a slanderer.’ This Greek word is where we got ‘diabolical.’ The Bible even uses the Slanderer and the Adversary (previously rendered Satan) together in Rev. 12:9 and 20:2.

 

Different as it occurs six times in the MLV is from the Greek word, G2087, which is translated as ‘other’ or ‘another.’ In context, it might mean something added as opposed to something different or opposite.

 

Disobedience* is the result of a ‘refusal to hear,’ or more subtly a refusal to take in what you hear. G3876. The other disobedience (without the *) is the end result of ‘disbelieve.’ G543.

 

Divine* is the only ‘divine’ that literally comes from the base word ‘God.’ G2304 and G2316.

 

Encounter* and other verb forms are literally ‘throw together with’ from G4820.

 

Enmity has lost some of its meaning in current English usage. It is best described as a blend of hatred, opposition; to be an enemy. G2189.

 

Except* is the improper preposition of G4133. The other ‘except’ (without the *) is an idiom of the literal ‘if not’ (G1508, G1487 and G3361).

 

Fallen-asleep was used by Jesus and then Paul to mean dead or death in most instances. G2837.

 

For is a preposition that has no true Greek equivalent. ‘To’ is the literal translation in all places in the Modern Literal Version. Asterisk (*) versions are listed below. The conjunction ‘for’ used in other translations, which means ‘because, because of, in or on behalf of,’ are translated as such in the MLV.

 

*For represents the Greek preposition G1519 (eis), that is literally translated as ‘into,' ‘to’ or ‘toward.’ It never means ‘because of.’ No translation has ever translated ‘eis’ as ‘because of.’ Sometimes ‘leading toward’ works very well to get the meaning across and has been used by many translations in some places. This preposition expresses forward action in the Greek verb where the English word ‘for’ can be used with verbs of actions past or future. Again, all Greek words in the Modern Literal Version that mean ‘because’ are translated as ‘because.’

 

For* represents the Greek word G1063 (gar). It is a conjunction with no exact English equivalent. It is a mild form of ‘because.’

 

Forgive* and its verb forms are the verb form of the Greek noun translated as ‘favor’ or ‘grace.’ G5483

 

Fornication is from the Greek word G4202 (pornia), which means any premarital or extramarital sexual acts between two or more people. It also means prostitution with its Greek base word meaning ‘sell.’ It does not in anyway mean lust. It means physical sex, including all variations of physical sex. This word should never be translated as ‘immorality’ or ‘sexual immorality’ as many translations have done wrongly.

 

Furlong is 1/8 of a mile in English. But in the MLV it is from G4218 (stadium), which is 1/8 of a Roman mile 607 ft. (53 ft. less than the modern furlong).

 

Gentiles is also translated as ‘nations.’ The word means all nations which are not Israel or all people who are not Jews. G1484.

 

Gift*, Gifts* are G5496, another noun form of the Greek noun, G5485, translated as ‘favor’ or ‘grace.’

 

Gird and its verb forms, means to put on your belt, the final act of dressing yourself for the public or for a job, (see Belt also). G2224.

 

Godliness* is literally ‘devoutness.’ The base word is ‘worship’ not ‘God.’ Modern English does not necessarily use the word ‘devout’ as something to do with God. G2125.

 

Good* is literally ‘well.’ G2095 and compounds. The other ‘good’ (no *) are actually two synonyms. Good in general and good outwardly. G0018 and G2570.

 

Good-news is simply just ‘good news’ or used to mean Jesus and His teaching in general, (1Cor. 15:1-4; 2Thes. 1:8, etc.). Originally in the MLV, the Greek word was translated as ‘gospel’ in the religious context and ‘good news’ in other contexts but was adopted as ‘good-news’ throughout in 2013 in order not to ‘commentate’ in the Word. G2098.

 

Gracious* is the translation of G2128. Traditionally, in other translations, the word ‘blessed’ was an adjective in all the places that would have read something along the lines of: ‘Blessed be God.’ (‘Fortunate’ be God, is craziness. ‘Happy’ be God, is again craziness. God is surely not ‘happy’ with us.)

 

Heart(s)* is literally the intestines. The Greeks thought emotions were born there, in the way we often feel emotions in our gut. G4698.

 

Helper* is from a Greek masculine noun, G3875, always capitalized. It is a ‘person called to help.’

 

Hosanna is a Hebrew word meaning ‘Save me, I pray.’ or ‘Please deliver me.’

 

Helper words, are words added to help translate certain Greek tenses, moods, cases, person, direction, timing or intensity into English; they are not supplied words.

 

Immerse* or dipping and all its verb, noun and adjective forms are the translation of the Greek verb, G0907 (baptizo), and its Greek variations (immersion*, immerser*), which all mean to submerge completely. Baptize is a transliterated word which has been retained by most translations for profit. Baptism is not used in the Modern Literal Version. In 1999, until baptism was changed to immersion in about 2002, over 75% of the comments for revision of the Modern Literal Version from readers or visitors to the Christian Library were ‘make baptism immersion.’ This word has a perfect English equivalent and so immersion has been used. For a Bible definition read Romans 6:1-6. The Greek word was common to the Greeks and was used to describe a ‘bath,’ ‘washing dishes,’ ‘ceremonial washings (always plural)’ and ‘Christian baptism.’ See Mark 7:4,8; Mark 16:16, Colossians 2:12-14, 1 Peter 3:21, etc. This word never meant ‘shower.’ There is a Greek word, G4472, for ‘sprinkling,’ G4472 (base word ‘rain-o’), and it is also used in the New Testament. Since the MLV is not made for profit, we will be keeping ‘immersion.’

 

Indeed* (if indeed) is a conditional particle (G1437b and G1512). The real interesting one is the indeed (G3303) without an asterisk and its use with ‘but’ G1161 in comparative statements.

 

Iota (subscript) and serif are the smallest punctuation or accent marks of Greek. G2503.

 

Irreproachable, G410, and Unimpeachable, G423, always plural, are both in the qualifications of Lord’s earthly congregation’s leadership, described in various Bible versions and locations within as: elders, bishops, overseers, pastors, shepherds, presbyters. These words do not translate well into English. They are simply a description of a person not under an accusation by an enemy or legal system or better as under any accusation for that matter, this person is blameless, guiltless and has an impeccable reputation.

 

Keep in the MLV is one of those very few Greek words, G5083 and compounds, which carry more meaning than the English word. The word carries with it: ‘to guard’ and/or ‘to watch over.’ ‘Keep’ the commandments would be to ‘guard’ them from harm too.

 

Koine Greek is the language of the New Testament, it was not even known to exist before the 1880's. All translators and reference books (Strong’s Dictionaries for a really good example) written before then were based on the idea that all Greek is the same Greek from Homer to that time with little variations even as the language changed from use over the centuries.

 

Lie and its other verb forms are all related to ‘falsehood.’ English teachers may not approve of the MLV using ‘laying’ and ‘laid’ for transitive and intransitive verbs of ‘lay,' but a 13 year old and second English speaking people will. In context it may be hard for even English teachers to know for sure what the expression “lie in opposition” actually means without the adjustment to “lay in opposition.”

 

Loins is literally the hips or hip areas.

 

Like is literally ‘as.’ It was common to their language, but comes across as slang in English. G5613.

 

Likewise* is G5615, a purely literal translation would be ‘as the same” (i.e. likewise, similarly), and is marked more as a way to show it is not the other likewise which is from G3668 (similar).

 

Love* and its other verb forms, are words meaning Christian love. This word in religious writings had an intensified meaning, sacrificial love. The same Greek spoken outside of the Bible, ‘love of people’ or simply ‘like.’ The Greeks had different words for different kinds of love, unlike English. This word is G25 (agapao).

 

Make*, makes*, made*, making* are simply the rendering of G4160 (poieo), and a few of its compounds. All other renderings of ‘make’ wording are where the word ‘make’ is added to another English verb or noun to better translate a Greek word into English.

 

Master* is simply marked to show G1988 used in Luke 5-17 vs. G1203 used elsewhere.

 

May, Might, Should see Subjunctive Mood in ‘Definitions Continued’ section.

 

Messenger is simply transliterated as ‘angel’ in many translations, G32; we have opted to translate it rather than transliterate. Only context can determine if the messenger was from God or man or the Evil One.

 

Minister* with its other verb and noun forms are words from G3008-G3011, these are to describe a type of servant whose service is more public vs. the domestic servant, or bondservant who are house or estate workers and the bondservant who serve who owns his bond. Most translation just make these all ‘serve’ and ‘servant’ and do not take in consideration the different Greek words and the slight differences.

 

Never* would be best rendered as ‘in absolutely no way!’ an emphatic no! or not! but is just way too wordy to fit into most verses. When never* occurs with the subjunctive mood verb as in, ‘may never,’ it does not mean ‘will not.’ Instead, there is a slight possibility this could happen. This has been a Tyndale tradition replicated over and over for the past 600 years. Oh well the theologians will have to adjust.

 

Obey*, obedient*, obedience are G5218 and 5219. It is related to listening obediently to someone with authority. For example, a soldier listening to and obeying his commanding officer or children to their parents, as in: ‘Children, obey* your* parents.’ The other ‘obey’ and ‘obedient’ words, G3980, G3982, come from the same root word as ‘believe.’ (See Believe).

 

Of* literally means ‘out of.’ This is unique to John and 1 John. G1537.

 

Offend and Offense literally means to ‘snare,' ‘stumble’ or a ‘cause to stumble.’ G4634 and G4625.

 

Only begotten is from a Greek word G3439 which literally means ‘only born of a mother’ (Classical Greek of the LXX) or ‘only born of a father’ (The Father)’ (Koine Greek of the N.T.). This clarifies the statement in the Bible ‘we are all sons of God through Christ Jesus,’ and we do not end up with a Bible contradiction as others who have used ‘one and only,’ ‘only,’ ‘only born.’ One other line of thought is ‘only unique,’ but this removes the ‘born’ part. ‘Only special born’ would then settle all instances in the New Testament and would still fit the Greek.

 

Pregnant* is literally ‘swollen,’ G1471, and the other ‘pregnant,’ G1094, is ‘with a belly.’ The Greeks did not have a good word for pregnancy.

 

Present* is a different Greek word (G3918) from the other more common ‘present’ (Greek compounds of G2476).

 

Prostitute is the best English word we have that is not vulgar to describe a sexually promiscuous individual or a prostitute or both, primarily female. Context is not always certain as to which meaning is applicable either. G4204.

 

Rabbi and Rabboni both mean teacher in the Hebrew language. G4461 and G4462.

 

Recognize is also translated as ‘fully know’ or ‘know fully.’ It is the reader’s choice of which they prefer, since they are interchangeable. G1921.

 

Rejected* has more meaning to it in the Greek and is best thought of as: ‘they tested it, they did not like it and so they rejected it.’ G593.

 

Rise* and Raise* with other verb forms are literally ‘stand up,’ but that poses a problem since we do not use that idiom in English, G0450.

 

Separate* and other verb forms, are from ‘border or boundary’ which would be ‘border off’ or the lighter meaning of ‘quarantine off.’ The other ‘separate’ is ‘make room between.’ G0873.

 

Serve* and other verb forms, are the verb form of bondservant, which is best described as to serve in or under bondage of someone which could be voluntarily or not. Moses was a bondservant, which is how he gained his wife. Bondservants could be slaves, people paying off a debt or hired servants under a contract. The specific type of servant cannot be determined, even in context. G1398.

 

Should, May, Might see Subjunctive Mood in the ‘Verb, Tense and Moods’ section.

 

Sold*, selling* are G4097 and is only used in the sense of ‘sold for money.’ The other sell, sold (G4453) can also be barter or exchange.

 

Sound* is also translated as 'healthy.' G5198.

 

Spirit in capitalized form as rendered in the ASV was used in the MLV, since we never read of any disputes of its renderings in the 100 yrs it was used commonly. If you, as the reader, believe Spirit is not the Holy Spirit just ignore the capital ‘S.’ All capitalization and punctuation are man made, please ignore any you believe to be wrong. ‘The Spirit of the truth’ as it occurs in the Greek 3 times in John 14-16, and maybe once in 1 John 4, could be a title, ‘Spirit of Truth.’ G4151.

 

Spirit(s)* is literally ‘soul.’ G5590. ‘Breath of life’ and its compounds occur only in Philippians 2.

 

Standard* is like a U.S. yardstick. A round straight piece of wood or metal used as a standard of measurement to measure the length or distance of something. It is used figuratively in most instances of the New Testament. G2583.

 

Stewardship means to manage the house or household, or to manage the affairs of others. G3622.

 

Than though marked as supplied, is most often a translation of a genitive Greek word when next to a comparative or superlative adjective or adverb; a Greek idiom. As an example ‘he is greater of me’ would be ‘he is greater than I.’

 

*That is G3705 which is stronger than Modern English ‘that.’ It means ‘in order that’ but not as strong as the word that*, listed below.

 

That* in Greek is G2443 (hina), which literally means ‘in order that’ but is just too wordy for some English sentences.

 

*That* was used to replace a Greek idiom that reads ‘to the to verb’ (G1519 (eis) + G3588 neutered (to) + an infinitive verb), occasionally G4314 instead of G1519. The ASV scholars had started to replace this idiom with ‘to the end {the subject} should/may {the verb}.’ We did this uniformly throughout the New Testament until the 2015 version but as ‘to this end, that {the subject} should/may {the verb}’ but even this is difficult to read. So now we have done the second best option by converting all of these to a subjunctive like form, ‘*that* {the subject} should/may {the verb}.’ *That* can be read as ‘in order that’ if this makes more sense.

 

The occurs in Greek same as in English with one major exception, ‘the’ is used with proper nouns. ‘Paul’ is literally ‘the Paul.’ We have tried to include all definite articles other than those with proper nouns. Many would say they should be dropped in some places but our opinion in this matter is if the inspired writers included ‘the’ then we should put it there in English whenever possible. The inspired writers could have left ‘the’ out in most of these questionable places and it still would have been good Greek grammar, especially in Paul’s and Luke’s writings who were fluent in speaking Greek. G3588.

 

There* is simply a way to show G847 vs. G1563 and its compounds.

 

View is a stronger form of ‘see’ or ‘look.’ It means to ‘view as a spectator’ or to ‘view from the side lines.’ View implies that there is more attention being given to what is being viewed. G2334.

 

Then* is also translated as ‘therefore.’ G3767.

 

Travel, can be a short distance or around the world. This word is also translated as go-onward, compounds of G4198.

 

When*, and while*, are helpers words used to help create English like verb tenses from Greek participles.

 

With* is literally ‘in’ or ‘at’ or ‘among,’ G1722 (en).

 

World is also the word ‘age.’ The Greek thoughts of a period of time as what was inclusive of all the world since in their knowledge all the world was under Roman rule. G165.

 

Wormwood may be a person or thing, and an actual substance which is bitter tasting. G894.

 

You*, your*, yours*, are the plural forms of ‘you’ and ‘your.’ By keeping these you will find teachings in the MLV that are lost in almost all other Modern English translations. We have never understood why modern translators fail to incorporate the plural ‘you.’

 

 

Simple Reading Schedule TOC

 

This is a simple reading schedule that is designed to be followed for 20 minutes a day over a 2 month period. Empty your mind. Read God’s Word like a child would for the first time, never read it with preconceived ideas or thoughts or to prove something, and don’t try to understand everything, note what you don’t understand and move on; reread those notes later they may make sense. Remember to pray. The arrangement is for better understanding by letting books build on each other and are arranged in a rough chronological order. Use Sundays to catch up on days you could not spend 20 minutes with the Word of God. If you have never read the Bible, always start with the New Testament. The New Testament is what you will be judged by, not the Old Testament. Never read the Old Testament & New Testament together, that is too confusing even for the mature Christian.

 

Spend the first Monday reading the Preface & Other non-bible sections to familiarize yourself with the MLV’s style of translation.

 

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

 

Mark 1-3

Mark 4-7

Mark 8-11

Mark 12-14

Mark 15-Matthew 4

Matthew 5-8

Matthew 9-12

Matthew 13-16

Matthew 17-21

Matthew 22-25

Matthew 26-28

John 1-4

John 5-7

John 8-11

John 12-16

John 17-21

Luke 1-3

Luke 4-7

Luke 8-10

Luke 11-14

Luke 15-18

Luke 19-21

Luke 22-24

Acts 1-4

Acts 5-8

Acts 9-12

Acts 13-16

Acts 17-20

Acts 21-24

Acts 25-28

James 1-5

1Th-2Th

Galatians 1-6

1Cor 1-8

1Cor 9-15

1Cor 16 - 2Cor 6

2Cor 7-13

Rom 1-5

Rom 6-11

Rom 12-16

Ephesians 1-6

Philippians 1-4

Colossians 1-4

1Pet-2Peter

Jude - 1Tim 4

1Tim 5- Heb 2

Hebrews 3-9

Hebrews 10-13

1 John - 3 John

Revelation 1-3

Revelation 4-9

Revelation 10-14

Revelation 15-20

Revelation 21-22

 

 

 

 

 

 

To read the New Testament as the events happened, go to Mark 1 and follow the {Harmony of the New Covenant} sections.

 

You should read the Modern Literal Version once all the way through and do not use any other translation during this time. The MLV’s strongest feature in uniformity of English wording & underlying Greek wording, by using another translation during this time you will not be able to learn from this uniformity. Then you too will understand why 90% of the emails to us are ‘I have learned so much just reading the MLV once,’ or similar.

 

Evangelism & Truth TOC

 

Many congregations give the MLV to all the members and any visitor; yours should consider this too. Please point out the Simple Reading Schedule to those who receive these, so as to help them read God’s Word, especially for the first time. The MLV is the only translation we know to exist in which every word can be looked up in a standard dictionary and the proper meaning is ‘Bible’ correct. The MLV is written at about a 13 year old’s reading level.

 

We want your input should you ever find a typo or a better Greek correction for the MLV. Please check: www.modernliteralversion.org for a current PDF update and make sure the typo or fix has not already been applied before submitting to mlvbible@gmail.com. Thank you in advance. As far as we know the MLV is the only Bible in print that wants such input.

 

Introduction to the Good News TOC

 

The first four books of the New Testament are traditionally called the gospels, a word which means ‘good news.’ These are basically four biographies of Christ Jesus, written to share the good news about His life, death, and resurrection. Each of these four gospels was written to a different audience, and so each one has a slightly different approach—but they are all accurate biographies of Christ Jesus. Matthew wrote his gospel to a Jewish audience, and so he included several quotations from the Old Testament, showing that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah they had been waiting for. Mark wrote to a Roman audience, which liked their reading to be more action-oriented, so his account focuses more on the actions of Jesus. Luke wrote to a more detail-oriented audience, and his account is filled with historical and geographical details that weren’t included by the other writers. John wrote to a general audience, guiding them to faith in Jesus as the Son of God.

 

Introduction to Matthew

 

The book of Matthew is better called “The Gospel Account by Matthew.” This biography of Jesus the Christ was written primarily for Jews, which is why Matthew spent so much time showing how Jesus fulfilled Old Testament prophecies—things that would have been irrelevant to a non-Jewish audience. Beginning with the birth of Jesus, Matthew recounts how Jesus lived a perfect life under the Law of Moses, and how His death would set the stage for a New Testament under which men could be saved. The final instructions given by Jesus after His resurrection, in this biography, are on how disciples are made: by teaching and immersing them in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:18-20).

 

 

 

[Matthew 1] TOC

 

   {NOTES: If your plans are to read the entire N.T., start in Mark. Please read the Preface and other non-bible sections. * is our universal footnoting for words contained in the ‘Definitions’ section. These words are NOT the same Greek word as the non-asterisk form; i.e. *FOR is different from FOR* is different from FOR. In this translation Old Testament names will be in their Old Testament form.}

 

    1:1 The book of lineage of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham: 1:2 Abraham fathered Isaac; and Isaac fathered Jacob; and Jacob fathered Judah and his brethren; 1:3 and Judah fathered Perez and Zerah from Tamar; and Perez fathered Hezron; and Hezron fathered Ram; 1:4 and Ram fathered Amminadab; and Amminadab fathered Nahshon; and Nahshon fathered Salmon; 1:5 and Salmon fathered Boaz from Rahab; and Boaz fathered Obed from Ruth; and Obed fathered Jesse; 1:6 and Jesse fathered David, the king.

 

    And David, the king, fathered Solomon from the widow of Uriah; 1:7 and Solomon fathered Rehoboam; and Rehoboam fathered Abijah; and Abijah fathered Asa; 1:8 and Asa fathered Jehoshaphat; and Jehoshaphat fathered Jehoram; and Jehoram fathered Uzziah; 1:9 and Uzziah fathered Jotham; and Jotham fathered Ahaz; and Ahaz fathered Hezekiah; 1:10 and Hezekiah fathered Manasseh; and Manasseh fathered Amon; and Amon fathered Josiah; 1:11 and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brethren, at the time of the exile of Babylon.

 

    1:12 And after the exile of Babylon, Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel; and Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel; 1:13 and Zerubbabel fathered Abiud; and Abiud fathered Eliakim; and Eliakim fathered Azor; 1:14 and Azor fathered Sadoc; and Sadoc fathered Achim; and Achim fathered Eliud; 1:15 and Eliud fathered Eleazar; and Eleazar fathered Matthan; and Matthan fathered Jacob; 1:16 and Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus, who is called* the Christ.

 

    {Mt 1:1-17 & Lk 3:23-28 Mary’s Genealogy.}

    1:17 Therefore, all the generations from Abraham until David were fourteen generations; and from David until the exile of Babylon, were fourteen generations; and from the exile of Babylon until the Christ, were fourteen generations.

 

    {Mt 1:18-25 Nazareth 5 BC; no parallel.}

    1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was thus: for* when* his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they came together, she was found to be pregnant {Greek: in womb holding} from the Holy Spirit. 1:19 Now Joseph, her husband, being a righteous man and not willing to disgrace her, planned to divorce her secretly. 1:20 But when* he was contemplating these things, behold, a messenger of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary to you, as your wife for* what was born {Or: conceived} in her is from the Holy Spirit. 1:21 Now she will bear a son, and you will call his name Jesus, for* he will save his people from their sins. 1:22 Now this whole thing has happened, in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 1:23 ‘Behold, the virgin will be pregnant, and will bear a son, and they will call his name Immanuel'; which is, after being translated, ‘God with us.’ {Isa 7:14, 8:8, 10} 1:24 Now having been aroused from his sleep, Joseph did as the messenger of the Lord commanded him and took his wife to him; 1:25 and did not know her intimately until she bore her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus.

 

[Matthew 2] TOC

 

    {Mt 2:1-12 Jerusalem & Bethlehem 4 BC; no parallel.}

    2:1 Now when* Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise-men {Persian Magi; v7 & v16} from the east came into Jerusalem, 2:2 saying, Where is he who has been born the King of the Jews? For* we saw his star in the east and have come to worship him. 2:3 Now when* Herod the king heard it, he was disturbed and everyone in Jerusalem with him. 2:4 And having gathering together all the high-priests and scribes of the people, he inquired from them where the Christ should be born.

    2:5 Now they said to him, In Bethlehem of Judea; for* thus it has been written through the prophet, 2:6 ‘And Bethlehem, a land of Judah, you are by no means least among the governors of Judah; for* a leader will come forth from you, who will shepherd my people Israel.’ {Mic. 5:2, 2Sam 5:2}

 

    2:7 Then Herod, having called the wise-men secretly, ascertained accurately from them the time of the star’s appearing. 2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem and said, While* you* are traveling, probe out accurately the things concerning the young child. And whenever you* have found him, report to me, *that I may also come and may worship him. 2:9 Now having heard the king, they traveled away. And behold, the star, which they saw in the east, was preceding them until it came and stood above where the young child was. 2:10 Now having seen the star, they rejoiced with extremely great joy. 2:11 And they came into the house and saw the young child with Mary, his mother. They fell down and worshiped him. Opening their treasures, they offered gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh to him. {Isa 60:6, Psa 72:10, 15} 2:12 And having been divinely-warned in a dream not to revisit Herod, they departed into their own region through another way.

 

    {Mt 2:13-18 Leaving for Egypt 4 BC; no parallel.}

    2:13 Now when* they had departed, behold, a messenger of the Lord appears to Joseph in a dream, saying, When* you arise, take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be there until I should tell you, because Herod is about to seek the young child to destroy him. 2:14 Now he arose, and took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt; 2:15 and they were there until the end of Herod; in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘Out of Egypt I called my son.’ {Hos. 11:1} 2:16 Then Herod, having seen that he was mocked by the wise-men, was exceedingly furious, and sent forth soldiers and assassinated all the boys who were in Bethlehem, and in all her borders, from two years and downward, according to the time which he had ascertained accurately from the wise-men. 2:17 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, 2:18 ‘A voice was heard in Ramah, mourning, and weeping, and much anguish, Rachel weeping for her children. And she did not wish to be comforted, because they are not there.’ {Jer. 31:15}

 

    {Mt 2:19-23 & Lk 2:39b Egypt & Nazareth 4 BC.}

    2:19 But when* Herod was dead*, behold, a messenger of the Lord appears in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 2:20 saying, When* you arise, take the young child and his mother, and travel into the land of Israel, for* those seeking the young child’s life have died. 2:21 Now he arose and took the young child and his mother and entered into the land of Israel. 2:22 But when* he heard that Archelaus is reigning over Judea instead of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and having been divinely-warned in a dream, he departed into the parts of Galilee, 2:23 and having come, he dwelt in a city called* Nazareth; *that what was spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled, that he will be called a Nazarene.

 

[Matthew 3] TOC

 

    {Mk 1:1-8 & Mt 3:1-12 & Lk 3:1-18. Judea near Jordan River 25 or 26 AD.}

    3:1 Now in those days John the Immerser* comes, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, 3:2 and saying, Repent; for* the kingdom of the heavens has drawn near. 3:3 For* this is he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying, ‘A voice is crying in the wilderness, prepare the way of the Lord, make* his paths straight.’ {Isa 40:3} 3:4 Now John himself had his outer clothing made of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his loin, and his nourishment was locusts and wild honey. 3:5 Then Jerusalem and everyone in Judea and everyone from the region around the Jordan were traveling out to him. 3:6 And they were being immersed* by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins. 3:7 But when* he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his immersion*, he said to them, Offspring of vipers, who warned you* to flee from the future wrath? 3:8 Therefore produce fruit worthy of repentance. 3:9 Do not think to say among yourselves, We have Abraham for our father; for* I say to you*, that God is able to lift up children out of these stones for Abraham. 3:10 But even already, the ax is laid to the root of the trees, because every tree which is not producing good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire. 3:11 I indeed immerse* you* in water toward repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not sufficient to bear. He will immerse* you* in the Holy Spirit; 3:12 whose winnowing fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor, and he will gather his grain into the barn, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

 

    {Mk 1:9-11 & Mt 3:13-17 Lk 3:21-22 Jordan east of Jericho, Spring 27 AD.}

    3:13 Then Jesus comes from Galilee to John, to be immersed* by him in the Jordan. 3:14 But John was preventing him, saying, I have need to be immersed* by you and you are coming to me?

    3:15 But Jesus answered and said to him, Allow it now; for* thus it is suitable for us to fulfill every righteousness. Then he allows him.

    3:16 And Jesus when* he was immersed*, came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God coming down, like a dove, and coming upon him; 3:17 and behold, a voice came out of the heavens, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am delighted.

 

[Matthew 4] TOC

 

    {Mk 1:12-13 & Mt 4:1-11 & Lk 4:1-13.}

    4:1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the Devil. 4:2 And having fasted forty days and forty nights, later he hungered. 4:3 And the Tempter came and said to him, If you are the Son of God, speak, in order that these stones may become bread.

    4:4 But he answered and said, It has been written, ‘Man will not live on bread alone, but upon every declaration that goes-onward through the mouth of God!’ {Deu. 8:3}

    4:5 Then the Devil takes him into the holy city. And he stands him upon the pinnacle of the temple, 4:6 and says to him, If you are the Son of God, cast yourself downward; for* it has been written, ‘He will command the messengers concerning you, and they will lift you up upon their hands, lest you hit your foot against a stone.' {Psa 91:11-12}

    4:7 Jesus said to him, Again it has been written, ‘Do not test the Lord, your God.’ {Deu. 6:16}

    4:8 Again, the Devil takes him to an exceedingly high mountain, and shows him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; 4:9 and he says to him, I will give you all these things, if you fall down and worship me.

    4:10 Then Jesus says to him, Go behind me, Adversary! For* it has been written, ‘You will worship the Lord your God and you will give-divine service to him only.’ {Deu. 6:13} 4:11 Then the Devil leaves him, and behold, messengers came and were serving him.

 

    {Mk 1:14a & Mt 4:12 & Lk 3:19-20 & Jn 4:1-4 Judea to Galilee.}

    4:12 Now Jesus, having heard that John was given up, departed into Galilee.

    {Mt 4:13-16 Capernaum.}

    4:13 And having left Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali; 4:14 in order that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 4:15 ‘The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the way of the sea, beyond-that of the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles, 4:16 the people who sat in darkness saw a great light and to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, light has risen for them.’ {Isa 9:1-2}

 

    {Mk 1:14b-15 & Mt 4:17 & Lk 4:14b-15.}

    4:17 From then onward, Jesus began to preach and to say, Repent; for* the kingdom of the heavens has drawn near.

 

    {Mk 1:16-20 & Mt 4:18-22 & Lk 5:1-11 Sea of Galilee near Capernaum.}

    4:18 Now walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brethren, Simon who is called* Peter and Andrew, his brother, casting a net into the sea; for* they were fishermen. 4:19 And he says to them, Come-here after me and I will make* you* fishermen of men. 4:20 Now immediately, they left the nets and followed him. 4:21 And having advanced from there, he saw two other brothers, James, the son of Zebedee and John, his brother, in the ship with Zebedee, their father, mending their nets. And he called them. 4:22 Now immediately they followed him having left the ship and their father.

 

    {Mk 1:35-39 & Mt 4:23-25 & Lk 4:42-44 Preaching through Galilee.}

    4:23 And Jesus was going around the whole of Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good-news of the kingdom and healing every kind of disease and every kind of illness among the people. 4:24 And the report of him went forth into the whole of Syria and they brought to him all who were ill, held by various diseases and torments and demon-possessed and epileptic and paralytics, and he healed them. 4:25 And large crowds followed him from Galilee and Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and beyond-that of the Jordan.

 

[Matthew 5] TOC

 

    {Mt 5:1 & Lk 6:17-20. Sermon on the mountain.}

    5:1 Now having seen the crowds, he went up into the mountain and having sat down, his disciples came to him.

    {Mt 5:2-12 & Lk 6:20-26.}

    5:2 And he opened his mouth and was teaching them, saying: 5:3 The poor in spirit are fortunate, because theirs is the kingdom of the heavens. 5:4 Those who are mourning are fortunate, because they will be comforted. 5:5 The meek are fortunate, because they will inherit the earth. 5:6 Those who hunger and are thirsty for righteousness are fortunate, because they will be fed. 5:7 The merciful are fortunate, because they will be shown-mercy. 5:8 The clean in heart are fortunate, because they will see God. 5:9 The peacemakers are fortunate, because they will be called sons of God. 5:10 Those who have been persecuted because of righteousness are fortunate, because theirs is the kingdom of the heavens. 5:11 You* are fortunate whenever they reproach and persecute you* and say every evil word against you*– lying, because of me. 5:12 Rejoice and be glad, because your* reward is much in the heavens; for* thus, they persecuted the prophets who were before you*.

    {Mt 5:13-16; no parallel.}

    5:13 You* are the salt of the earth, but if the salt is flavorless, then with* what shall it be salted? It is still not strong-enough to be used *for anything, except to be cast outside and trampled by men. 5:14 You* are the light of the world. A city laying upon a mountain is not able to be hid. 5:15 Nor are they burning a lamp and placing it under a peck container, but upon the lamp-stand, and it is shining to all who are in the house. 5:16 So let your* light shine before men, *that they may see your* good works and may glorify your* Father who is in the heavens.

 

    {Mt 5:17-48 & Lk 6:27-36.}

    5:17 Do not suppose that I came to tear-down the law or the prophets; I did not come to tear-down, but to fulfill. 5:18 For* assuredly I am saying to you*, Until heaven and earth should pass away, one iota or one serif may never* pass away from the law, until all things should become fulfilled.

    5:19 Therefore, whoever loosens one of these least commandments and may teach men to do so, will be called least in the kingdom of the heavens, but whoever practices and should teach them, he will be called great in the kingdom of the heavens. 5:20 For* I am saying to you*, that if your* righteousness does not abound more-than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you* may never* enter into the kingdom of the heavens.

 

    5:21 You* have heard that it was said to the ancients, ‘Do not murder,' but ‘whoever murders will be liable to the judgment.’ {Ex. 20:13 & Deu. 5:17} 5:22 But I say to you*, that everyone who is vainly angry {Or: with emptiness (without cause or reason; i.e. to further one's own vanity)} toward his brother will be liable to the judgment, and whoever says to his brother, You, empty-head, will be liable to the council, but whoever says, You fool, will be liable to the hell of fire. {Empty-head is an expression of contempt. The Greek here could be simply ‘fool’ said as an expression of condemnation or could be a transliteration of ‘Moreh’ which is a Hebrew expression of condemnation. In Mt 5:22 the wording doesn’t matter; it’s the way it is said or meant.}

 

    5:23 Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar, and while you are there, you should remember that your brother has something against you, 5:24 leave your gift there before the altar and go away. First be reconciled to your brother and then come and offer your gift. 5:25 Be agreeable with your opponent quickly, until which time you are with him on the road; lest the opponent should give you to the judge and the judge should give you to the attendant and you will be cast into prison. 5:26 Assuredly I am saying to you, You may never* come out from there, until you should have repaid the last copper coin.

 

    5:27 You* have heard that it was said, ‘Do not commit adultery.’ {Ex. 20:14 & Deu. 5:18} 5:28 But I say to you*, that everyone who is looking at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 5:29 Now if your right eye is offending you, pluck it out and cast it from you*; for* it is advantageous for you, that* one of your members should perish and not that* your whole body should be cast into hell. 5:30 And if your right hand is offending you, cut it off and cast it away from you*; for* it is advantageous for you, that* one of your members should perish and not that* your whole body should be cast into hell.

    5:31 It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a document of divorcement.’ {Deu. 24:1, 3} 5:32 But I say to you*, that whoever divorces his wife, except-for the reason of fornication, is making* her commit adultery and whoever marries her who has been divorced is committing adultery. {Mt 19:9, Lk 16:18}

 

    5:33 Again, you* have heard that it was said to the ancients, ‘You will not perjure yourself, but will give your oaths to the Lord.’ {Lev. 19:12, Num. 30:2, Deu. 23:21} 5:34 But I am saying to you*, Do not swear in anyway; neither by the heaven, because it is the throne of God; 5:35 nor by the earth, because it is the footstool of his feet; nor in Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King, 5:36 nor should you swear by your head, because you are unable to make* one hair white or black. 5:37 But let your* word be, a Yes, yes; a No, no; and whatever is more-than these, is from the evil one.

 

    5:38 You* have heard that it was said, An eye in exchange-for an eye and a tooth in exchange-for a tooth. {Ex. 21:24, Lev. 24:20, Deu.19:21} 5:39 But I am saying to you*, Do not stand against an evil man, but whoever slaps you upon your right jaw, turn also the other to him. 5:40 And to him, who is willing to go to court with you and wants to take away your tunic, then also allow for him to take your outer garment. 5:41 And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. 5:42 Give to him who asks you and do not turn away from the one who wishes to borrow from you.

 

    5:43 You* have heard that it was said, ‘You will love* your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ {Lev. 19:18} 5:44 But I am saying to you*, Love* your* enemies, speak well of those who curse you*, do good things to those who hate you* and pray on behalf of those who are railing at you* and are persecuting you*. 5:45 Do this *that you* may become sons of your* Father who is in the heavens, because his sun rises upon the evil and the good and it rains upon the righteous and the unrighteous. 5:46 For* if you* love* those who love* you*, what reward do you* have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 5:47 And if you* only greet your* friends, what are you* doing more-than others? Are not even the tax collectors doing so? 5:48 Therefore you* will be complete, just-like your* Father who is in the heavens is complete.

 

[Matthew 6] TOC

 

    {Mt 6:1-34; no parallel.}

    6:1 Take-heed not to do your* charity before men, to be seen by them, otherwise you* have no reward from your* Father who is in the heavens.

    6:2 Therefore, whenever you are doing charity, do not sound a trumpet before you just-like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the lanes, *that they may be glorified by men. Assuredly I am saying to you*, They are having their reward. 6:3 But when you are doing charity, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, 6:4 *that your charity may be in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you openly.

 

    6:5 And whenever you* pray, do not be just-like the hypocrites, because they love to pray, standing in the synagogues and at the street corners, *that they may appear devout to men. Assuredly I am say to you*, that they are having their reward. 6:6 But you, whenever you pray, enter into your storeroom, and when* you have locked your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you openly. 6:7 And while praying, do not be repetitious just-like the Gentile; for* they think that they will be heard in their many words. 6:8 Therefore, do not be similar to them, for* your* Father knows what things you* have need of before you* ask him. 6:9 Therefore pray thus: our Father who is in the heavens, let your name be sanctified. 6:10 Let your kingdom come. Let your will happen as in heaven, also upon the earth. 6:11 Give our {F} needful bread to us today. 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors. 6:13 And do not bring us into temptation, but rescue us from the evil one, because yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory, forever. Amen. 6:14 For* if you* forgive men their trespasses, your* heavenly Father will also forgive you*. 6:15 But if you* do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your* Father forgive your* trespasses.

 

    6:16 Now whenever you* fast, do not become just-like the hypocrites, with a gloomy face; for* they disfigure their faces, *that they may appear to men to be fasting. Assuredly I am saying to you*, They are having their reward. 6:17 But as for you, when you are fasting, anoint your head and wash your face 6:18 *that you do not appear to be fasting to men, but to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.

 

    6:19 Do not store up treasures for you upon the earth, where moth and rust ingest, and where thieves burrow through your* wall and steal. 6:20 But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust ingest, and where thieves do not burrow through or steal. 6:21 For* where your* treasure is, your* heart will also be there.

    6:22 The lamp of the body is the eye, because if your eye is clear, your whole body will be radiant. 6:23 But if your eye is evil, your whole body will be dark. Therefore, if the light which is in you is darkness, how much greater is the darkness!

    6:24 No one is able to serve* two lords, for* either he will hate the one and love* the other; or he will hold to one and despise the other. You* are not able to serve* God and {F} money.

    6:25 Because of this, I am saying to you*, Do not be anxious for your* life, what you* may eat and what you* may drink; nor for what you* may clothe your* body with. Is not the life worth more-than the nourishment and the body worth more-than the clothing? 6:26 Look at the birds of the heaven, that they do not sow, nor reap, nor gather into barns, and your* heavenly Father is nourishing them. Are you* not carrying much more-value than them? 6:27 Now which one out of you* is able to add one cubit upon his stature by being anxious? 6:28 And why are you* anxious concerning clothing? Learn from the lilies of the field, somehow they are growing; they are not laboring, nor spinning. 6:29 Yet I say to you*, that even Solomon in all his glory was not dressed like one of these. 6:30 But if God so dresses-up the grass of the field, which is here today and the next-day is cast into the oven, will he not much more clothe you*? You* of small faith!

    6:31 Therefore do not be anxious, saying, What should we eat? or, What should we drink? or, What should we dress ourselves with? 6:32 For* the Gentiles are seeking after all these things; for* your* heavenly Father knows that you* have needs of all these things. 6:33 But first seek the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you*. 6:34 Therefore do not be anxious *for the next-day; for* the next-day will be anxious enough for the things of itself. Its evil is enough for the one day.

 

    {Footnotes: Mt 6:11, no one knows for sure what the original word means. It is only in the N.T. twice and no where else. Mt 6:24, or: Money as in your ‘God of Money,’ or ‘The Almighty Dollar.’}

 

[Matthew 7] TOC

 

    {Mt 7:1-6 & Lk 6:37-42; similar Jn 5:30, 7:24.}

    7:1 Do not judge, that* you* might not be judged! 7:2 For* in what judgment you* judge, you* will be judged and in what measure you* measure, it will be measured again to you*. 7:3 And why do you see the speck which is in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the beam which is in your own eye? 7:4 Or how will you say to your brother, Allow me, that I may cast out the speck from your eye, and behold, the beam which is in your own eye? 7:5 You hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see precisely to cast out the speck from your brother’s eye.

 

    7:6 Do not give what is holy to the dogs, nor cast your* pearls before the swine, lest they trample them down with* their feet and having turned, they may rip at you*.

 

    {Mt 7:7-11; no parallel.}

    7:7 Ask and it will be given to you*; seek and you* will find; knock and it will be opened to you*. 7:8 For* everyone who is asking, receives; and the one who is seeking, finds; and to the one who is knocking, it will be opened. 7:9 Or what man is there out of you*, who, if his son asks him for a loaf he will not give him a stone, will he? 7:10 Or if he asks for a fish, he will not give him a serpent, will he? 7:11 Therefore if you*, being evil, know how to give good presents to your* children, how much more will your* Father who is in the heavens give good things to those who are asking him?

 

    {Mt 7:12 & Lk 6:31.}

    7:12 Therefore, all things, as many as you* would wish that* men should do for you*, so do also to them; for* this is the law and the prophets.

 

    {Mt 7:13-23 & Lk 6:43-45.}

    7:13 Enter in through the narrow gate, because wide is the gate and broad is the way, which leads to destruction and there are many who are entering through it. 7:14 Why is it? Narrow is the gate and pressed is the way, which is leading to life and few are those who are finding it.

 

    7:15 But take-heed of false prophets, who are coming to you* in sheep’s clothing, but inside are ravenous wolves. 7:16 You* will fully know them from their fruits. They do not collect a grape-cluster from thorns or figs from thistles, do they? 7:17 Thus every good tree produces good fruit, but the rotten tree produces evil fruit. 7:18 A good tree is not able to produce evil fruit, nor is a rotten tree able to produce good fruit. 7:19 Every tree which is not producing good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire. 7:20 Consequently*, you* will fully know them from their fruits. 7:21 Not everyone who says to me, Lord, Lord, will enter into the kingdom of the heavens, but he who is practicing the will of my Father, the one in the heavens. 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, did we not: prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and practice many miracles in your name? 7:23 And then I will confess to them, I never* knew you*. Depart from me, you* who are working lawlessness.

    {Mt 7:24-29 & Lk 6:46-49.}

    7:24 Therefore, everyone who hears these words of mine and practices them, he will be similar to a prudent man, who built his house upon the rock; 7:25 and the rain came down and the rivers came up and the winds blew and fell down upon that house, and it did not fall; for* it had been founded upon the rock. 7:26 And everyone hearing these words of mine and who is not doing them, will be similar to a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand; 7:27 and the rain came down and the rivers came up and the winds blew and hit that house and it fell and great was its fall.

 

    7:28 And it happened, when Jesus had completed with these words, the crowds were being astounded at his teaching; 7:29 for* he was teaching them like one having authority and not like the scribes.

 

[Matthew 8] TOC

 

    {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.}

    8:1 Now having come down from the mountain, large crowds followed him.

 

    {Mk 1:40-45 & Mt 8:2-4 & Lk 5:12-16.}

    8:2 And behold, a leper having come to him, was worshiping him, saying, Lord, if you are willing, you are able to cleanse me.

    8:3 And Jesus, having stretched out his hand, touched him, saying, I am willing; be cleansed. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. 8:4 And Jesus says to him, See that you tell no one, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift that Moses commanded, *for a testimony to them. {Lev. 13:49, 14:2-4}

 

    {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.}

    8:5 Now when* Jesus entered into Capernaum, a centurion came to him, pleading with him, 8:6 and saying, Lord, my young-servant, a paralytic, has been put in the house, terribly tormented.

    8:7 And Jesus says to him, I will come and heal him.

    8:8 And the centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not sufficient that* you should come under my roof, but only speak by word and my young-servant will be healed. 8:9 For* I am a man also under authority, having soldiers under me and I say to this one, Go-onward and he goes-onward, and to another, Come and he comes, and to my bondservant, Do this and he does it.

    8:10 Now when* Jesus heard it, he marveled and said to those who followed, Assuredly I am saying to you*, I have not found so-great a faith, not even in Israel. 8:11 But I am saying to you*, that many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of the heavens; 8:12 but the sons of the kingdom will be cast out into the outer darkness– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there. 8:13 Now Jesus said to the centurion, Go, and as you have believed, let it happen for you. And his young-servant was healed in that hour.

 

    {Mk 1:29-34 & Mt 8:14-17 & Lk 4:38-41 Capernaum.}

    8:14 And when* Jesus had come into Peter’s house, he saw that his mother-in-law had been put in bed and fevered. 8:15 And he touched her hand and the fever left her, and she arose and was serving him. 8:16 Now when* it became evening, they brought to him many demon-possessed and he cast out the spirits by word and healed all who were ill; 8:17 *that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘He himself took our weaknesses and bears our diseases.’ {Isa 53:4}

 

    {Mk 4:35-41 & Mt:8:18-27 & Lk 8:22-25 Sea of Galilee.}

    8:18 Now when* Jesus saw large crowds around him, he gave commands to go away beyond-that area. 8:19 And one scribe, having come to him, said, Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go.

    8:20 And Jesus says to him, The foxes have burrows and the birds of the heaven have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere he may bow his head.

    8:21 Now a different one of his disciples said to him, Lord, permit me first to go away and bury my father.

    8:22 But Jesus said to him, Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.

 

    8:23 And having stepped into the ship, his disciples followed him. 8:24 And behold, a great squall happened in the sea, so-that the ship was hidden by the waves, but he was sleeping. 8:25 And the disciples came to him and aroused him, saying, Save us Lord! We are perishing!

    8:26 And he says to them, Why are you* cowardly? You* of small faith! Then he arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there became a great calm.

    8:27 Now the men marveled, saying, What sort of man is this, that even the winds and the sea are obeying* him?

 

    {Mk 5:1-21 & Mt 8:28-34 & Lk 8:26-40 Gergesa.}

    8:28 And having come to the area beyond-that into the region of the Gergesenes, two demon-possessed men met him, coming forth out of the tombs, exceedingly fierce, so-that not anyone was strong-enough to pass through that way. 8:29 And behold, they cried out, saying, What is this thing with us and with you, Jesus, Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time? 8:30 Now a herd of many swine was being fed from afar, away from them. 8:31 And the demons were pleading with him, saying, If you cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of swine.

    8:32 And he said to them, Go away! Now they came out and went into the herd of swine and behold, all the herd of swine rushed down the cliff into the sea and died in the waters. 8:33 Now those who are feeding them fled and went away into the city and reported all things and what had happened to those who were demon-possessed. 8:34 And behold, all the city came out *for a meeting with Jesus and when* they saw him, they pleaded with him *that he should proceed from their borders.

 

[Matthew 9] TOC

 

    9:1 And he stepped into the ship and ferried over and came into his own city.

 

    {Mk 2:1-12 & Mt 9:2-8 & Lk 5:17-26.}

    9:2 And behold, they were bringing a paralytic to him, having been put upon a cot, and Jesus seeing their faith said to the paralytic, Child, have courage; your sins have been forgiven.

    9:3 And behold, some of the scribes said among themselves, This one is blaspheming.

    9:4 And Jesus, having seen their contemplations said, Why are you* contemplating evil in your* hearts? 9:5 For* what is easier, to say, Your sins have been forgiven; or to say, Arise and walk? 9:6 But in order that you* may know that the Son of Man has authority upon the earth to forgive sins (then he says to the paralytic), While* you are arising, lift up your cot and go away to your house. 9:7 And having arisen, he went away to his house. 9:8 Now when* the crowds saw it, they marveled and glorified God, who had given such authority to men.

 

    {Mk 2:13-14 & Mt 9:9 & Lk 5:27-28 At or near Capernaum.}

    9:9 And passing by from there, Jesus saw a man, called* Matthew, sitting at a tax-office and he says to him, Follow me. And he stood up and followed him.

 

    {Mk 2:15-22 & Mt 9:10-17 & Lk 5:29-39 Capernaum.}

    9:10 And it happened, while he was reclining at a meal in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and reclined together with Jesus and his disciples. 9:11 And when* the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, Why is your* teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?

    9:12 But Jesus having heard it, said to them, Those who are strong have no need of a physician, but those who are ill. 9:13 Now go-onward and learn what is meant by, ‘I will to have mercy and not sacrifice.’ {Hos. 6:6} For* I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

 

    9:14 Then the disciples of John come near to him, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast much, but your disciples do not fast?

    9:15 And Jesus said to them, The sons of the bridal-party {companions or guests} are not able to mourn, inasmuch as the bridegroom is with them, are they? But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them and then they will fast. 9:16 But no one puts a patch of unshrunk fabric upon an old garment; for* its fullness shrinks and lifts away from the garment and a worse split happens. 9:17 Nor do they put new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wineskins burst and the wine is poured out and the wineskins will be destroyed, but they put new wine into new wineskins and both are protected together.

 

    {Mk 5:22-43 & Mt 9:18-26 & Lk 8:41-56 Capernaum.}

    9:18 While speaking these things to them, behold, one ruler came to him and was worshiping him, saying, My daughter is just now dead*, but come and lay your hand upon her and she will live. 9:19 And Jesus and his disciples arose and followed him.

    9:20 And behold, a woman, having had a flow of blood for twelve years, came behind him and touched the hem of his garment; 9:21 for* she was saying to herself, ‘If only I touch his garment; I will be cured.

    9:22 Now Jesus having turned, saw her, and said, Daughter, have courage; your faith has cured you. And the woman was cured from that hour.

 

    9:23 And when* Jesus came into the ruler’s house and saw the flute-players and the crowd being in an uproar, 9:24 he says to them, Depart; for* the girl is not dead, but is sleeping. And they were laughing at him. 9:25 But when* the crowd was cast out, having entered, he took-hold of her hand, and the girl arose. 9:26 And this fame went forth into that whole land.

 

    {Mt 9:27-34 Probably Capernaum; no parallel.}

    9:27 And Jesus passing by from there, two blind men followed him, crying out and saying, Show-mercy to us, son of David.

    9:28 Now having come into the house, the blind men came to him and Jesus says to them, You* believe that I am able to do this?

    They say to him, Yes, Lord.

    9:29 Then he touched their eyes, saying, Let it happen for you* according to your* faith. 9:30 And their eyes were opened. And Jesus scolded them, saying, See that you* let no one know it. 9:31 But they went forth and broadcasted about him in that whole land.

 

    9:32 Now when* they are going forth, behold, they brought a demon-possessed mute man to him. 9:33 And when* the demon was cast out, the mute man spoke and the crowds marveled, saying, This was never* so seen in Israel.

    9:34 But the Pharisees were saying, He is casting out demons by the ruler of the demons.

 

    {Mk 6:6b-13 & Mt 9:35-10:42 & Lk 9:1-6 Third circuit of Galilee.}

    9:35 And Jesus was going around all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good-news of the kingdom and healing all kinds of disease and all kinds of illness among the people. 9:36 But when* he saw the crowds, he had compassion concerning them, because they were fainting in spirit and were being tossed about, like sheep not having a shepherd. 9:37 Then he says to his disciples, The harvest is indeed large, but the workers are few. 9:38 Therefore beseech from the Lord of the harvest, *that he should put out workers into his harvest.

 

[Matthew 10] TOC

 

    10:1 And having called his twelve disciples, he gave to them authority over unclean spirits, so-that they are able to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of illness.

 

    10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: the first is Simon, who is called* Peter and Andrew his brother; James and John his brother, the sons of Zebedee; 10:3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus and Lebbaeus who was surnamed Thaddaeus; 10:4 Simon the Canaanite {Or: zealot. See Lk. 6:15, Acts 1:13.} and Judas the Iscariot, who gave him up to the Jews.

 

    10:5 Jesus sent forth these twelve apostles and commanded them, saying, Do not go into any road of the Gentiles and do not enter into any city of the Samaritans; 10:6 but travel rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 10:7 Now while* you* are traveling, preach, saying, The kingdom of the heavens has drawn near. 10:8 Heal the sick; cleanse the lepers; cast out demons; freely you* received, freely you* give. 10:9 Do not procure gold, nor silver, nor brass coins *for your* money belts; 10:10 no knapsack *for your* journey, neither two tunics nor shoes nor staffs; for* the worker is worthy of his nourishment. 10:11 Now into whatever city or village you* enter, probe out who is worthy in it, and abide there until you* should go. 10:12 Now while entering into the house, greet it. 10:13 And if indeed the house is worthy, let your* peace come upon it, but if it is not worthy, let your* peace return to you*. 10:14 And whoever does not accept you*, nor hears your* words, when* you* go forth from that house or that city, shake-off the dust from your* feet. 10:15 Assuredly I am saying to you*, It will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.

 

    10:16 Behold, I am sending you* forth like sheep in the midst of wolves; therefore, become prudent like serpents and harmless like doves. 10:17 But take-heed of men; for* they will give you* up to councils, and they will scourge you* in their synagogues; 10:18 and you* will also be led in front of governors and kings because of me, *for a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. 10:19 But whenever they give you* up, do not be anxious how or what you* should speak; for* it will be given to you* in that hour what you* will speak. 10:20 For* it is not you* who speaks, but the Spirit of your* Father who speaks in you*. 10:21 Now brother will give up brother to death and the father his child and children will stand up against parents and will slay them. 10:22 And you* will be hated by all men because of my name. But he who has endured to the end, this one will be saved. 10:23 But whenever they persecute you* in this city, flee into another; for* assuredly I am saying to you*, You* may never* complete the cities of Israel, until the Son of Man should come.

 

    10:24 A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a bondservant above his lord. 10:25 It is enough for the disciple that* he should become like his teacher and the bondservant like his lord. If they have called the householder Beelzebub, how much more the kinfolk! 10:26 Therefore do not fear them; for* there is nothing hidden, which will not be revealed, and nothing secret, which will not be known. 10:27 What I tell you* in the darkness, speak in the light, and what you* hear in your* ear, preach upon the housetops. 10:28 And do not be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul, but rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 10:29 Are two sparrows not sold for a copper coin? And not one out of them will fall to the earth without your* Father knowing it; 10:30 but even the hairs of your* head are all numbered. 10:31 Therefore do not fear, because you* are carrying more-value than many sparrows. 10:32 Therefore, everyone who will confess to be in me before men, I will also confess to be in him before my Father, who is in the heavens. 10:33 But whoever denies me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.

 

    10:34 Do not suppose that I came to cast peace upon the earth; I did not come to cast peace, but a sword. 10:35 For* I came to pit man against his father and the daughter against her mother and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; 10:36 and, ‘A man’s enemies will be his own kinfolk.’ {Mic 7:6} 10:37 He who loves his father or mother above me is not worthy of me, and he who loves his son or daughter above me is not worthy of me. 10:38 Now he who is not taking up his cross and following after me, is not worthy of me. 10:39 He who has found his life will lose it, and he who has lost his life because of me will find it.

 

    10:40 He who accepts you*, accepts me; and he who receives me, receives him who sent me. 10:41 He who accepts a prophet in the name of a prophet, will receive a prophet’s reward, and he who accepts a righteous man in the name of a righteous man, will receive a righteous man’s reward. 10:42 And whoever gives only a cup of cold water to drink to one of these little ones, in the name of a disciple, assuredly I am saying to you*, He may never* lose his reward.

 

[Matthew 11] TOC

 

    11:1 And it happened when Jesus had completed commanding his twelve disciples, he proceeded from there to teach and to preach in their cities.

 

    {Mt 11:2-30 & Lk 7:18-35 Galilee.}

    11:2 Now when* John heard the works of the Christ while in prison, he sent two of his disciples 11:3 and said to him, Are you the one who is coming, or should we expect a different one?

    11:4 And Jesus answered and said to them, When* you* travel back, report to John what you* hear and see: 11:5 the blind recover their sight and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, the dead are raised and the poor have the good-news proclaimed to them. 11:6 And whoever is not offended at me is fortunate.

 

    11:7 Now while* these disciples are traveling on, Jesus began to say to the crowds concerning John, What did you* come out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 11:8 But what did you* go out to see? A man who has been dressed-up in soft garments? Behold, those who are wearing soft garments are in royal houses. 11:9 But why did you* go out? To see a prophet? I say to you*, Yes, and one who is more-than a prophet. 11:10 For* this is he, concerning whom it has been written, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.’ {Mal. 3:1} 11:11 Assuredly I am saying to you*, A greater man has not arisen among those born from women than John the Immerser*. But he who is least in the kingdom of the heavens is greater than he. 11:12 But from the days of John the Immerser* until now the kingdom of the heavens suffers-violently and the violent seize it. 11:13 For* all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. 11:14 And if you* are willing to accept it, this is Elijah, who is about to come. 11:15 He who has ears to hear, let him hear.

 

    11:16 But to what shall be similar to this generation? It is similar to children sitting in the marketplaces and shouting to their comrades 11:17 and saying, We piped to you* and you* did not dance. We mourned for you* and yet you* did not grieve for yourselves. 11:18 For* John came neither eating nor drinking and they say, He has a demon. 11:19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking and they say, Behold, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners! And wisdom was justified from her children.

 

    11:20 Then he began to reproach the cities in which most of his miracles had happened, because they did not repent. 11:21 Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! Because if the miracles had happened in Tyre and Sidon which have happened in you*, they would have repented long-ago in sackcloth and ashes. 11:22 However I say to you*, It will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you*. 11:23 And you, Capernaum, who has been exalted to heaven, you will step down to Hades, because if the miracles had happened in Sodom which have happened in you, it would have remained till today. 11:24 However I say to you*, that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for you.

 

    11:25 Jesus answered and said at that time, I profess you, O Father, Lord of heaven and the earth, that you hid these things from the wise and intelligent and revealed them to infants. 11:26 Yes, Father, because thus it became a delight before you. 11:27 All things have been given to me by my Father and no one fully knows the Son, except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father fully, except the Son and he to whomever the Son wills to reveal him. 11:28 Come-here to me, all you* who labor and have been loaded down, and I will give-rest to you*. 11:29 Take my yoke upon you* and learn from me, because I am meek and humble in heart and you* will find rest for your* souls. 11:30 For* my yoke is easy and my load is light.

 

[Matthew 12] TOC

 

    {Mk 2:23-28 & Mt 12:1-8 & Lk 6:1-5 Jerusalem to Galilee.}

    12:1 Jesus traveled on the Sabbath day through the grainfields at that time, and his disciples were hungry and began to pluck the tops and to eat them. 12:2 But the Pharisees, having seen it, said to him, Behold, your disciples are doing what is not legal to practice upon the Sabbath.

    12:3 But he said to them, Have you* not read what David did, when he himself was hungry and those with him; 12:4 how he entered into the house of God and ate the showbread, which was not legal for him to eat, nor those with him, unlawful except for the priests only? 12:5 Or have you* not read in the law, that on the Sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and yet are crimeless? {1Sam. 21:6} 12:6 But I saying to you*, that a greater than the temple is here. 12:7 But if you* had known what is meant by this, ‘I will to have mercy and not sacrifice,’ {Hos. 6:6} You* would not have sentenced the crimeless. 12:8 For* the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.

 

    {Mk 3:1-6 & Mt 12:9-14 & Lk 6:6-11 Probably Galilee.}

    12:9 And having proceeded from there, he went into their synagogue. 12:10 And behold, there was a man who had a dried up hand. And they asked him, in order that they might accuse him, saying, Is it legal to heal on the Sabbath day?

    12:11 But he said to them, What man shall there be out of you*, who shall have one sheep and if this one falls into a ditch on the Sabbath day, shall he not take-hold of it and lift it up? 12:12 Then* how much more-value does a man carry than a sheep? So-then it is legal to do good on the Sabbath day?

    12:13 Then he says to the man, Stretch out your hand. And he stretched it out, and it was restored as healthy as the other. 12:14 But the Pharisees having gone out, took counsel against him, *that they should destroy him.

 

    {Mk 3:7-12 & Mt 12:15-21 Sea of Galilee.}

    12:15 But Jesus having known it, departed from there and large crowds followed him, and he healed them all, 12:16 and rebuked them, that* they should not make* him apparent; 12:17 *that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 12:18 ‘Behold, my young-servant whom I selected. My beloved in whom my soul is delighted. I will place my Spirit upon him and he will proclaim judgment to the Gentiles.’ 12:19 ‘He will not have selfish ambition, nor will he cry-out; nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets. 12:20 He will not fracture a bruised reed and he will not quench a smoking wick, until he should cast out the judgment to victory. 12:21 And the Gentiles will hope in his name.’ {Isa 42:1-3}

 

    {Mk 3:19b-30 & Mt 12:22-37.}

    12:22 Then a demon-possessed man was brought to him, blind and mute and he healed him, so-that the blind and mute man both spoke and saw. 12:23 And all the crowds were astonished and were saying, This is not the son of David, is it?

    12:24 But when* the Pharisees heard it, they said, This one is not casting out demons, except in Beelzebub the ruler of the demons.

    12:25 But Jesus knowing their contemplations said to them, Every kingdom divided against itself is made desolate, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 12:26 And if the Adversary casts out the Adversary, he is divided against himself. Then* how will his kingdom stand? 12:27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, in whom do your* sons cast them out? They will be your* judges because of this. 12:28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God; consequently*, the kingdom of God has arrive-unexpectedly upon you*. 12:29 Or how is anyone able to enter into the house of the strong man, and plunder his goods, if he does not first bind the strong man? And then he will plunder his house. 12:30 He who is not with me is against me and he who does not gather with me scatters. 12:31 Because of this, I am saying to you*, Every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven to men, but the blasphemy of the Spirit will not be forgiven. 12:32 And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, not in the age which is now, nor in the future one. 12:33 Either make* the tree good and its fruit good; or make the tree rotten and its fruit rotten; for* the tree is known from its fruit. 12:34 Offspring of vipers! How are you*, being evil, able to speak good things? For* out of the abundance of the heart the mouth is speaking. 12:35 The good man out of his good treasure is casting out good things and the evil man out of his evil treasure is casting out evil things. 12:36 But I am saying to you*, that every idle declaration, whatever men speak, they will give an account in the day of judgment concerning it. 12:37 For* you will be justified from your words and you will be sentenced from your words.

 

    {Mt 12:38-45; no parallel.}

    12:38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.

    12:39 But he answered and said to them, An evil and adulterous generation is seeking after a sign, and a sign will not be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet; 12:40 for* just-as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea-creature; so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

    12:41 The men of the Ninevites will stand up with this generation in the judgment and will condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, more-than Jonah is here. 12:42 The queen of the south will be arisen with this generation in the judgment and will condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, more-than Solomon is here.

    12:43 But the unclean spirit, whenever it has gone out of the man, goes through waterless places, seeking rest and does not find it. 12:44 Then it says, I will return into my house from where I came out, and when it comes, it finds it unoccupied, having been swept and adorned. 12:45 Then it travels and takes with itself seven other spirits more evil than itself and they enter and dwell there and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first. So it will also be to this evil generation.

 

    {Mk 3:31-35 & Mt 12:46-50 & Lk 8:19-21.}

    12:46 But while he is still speaking to the crowds, behold, his mother and his brethren stood outside, seeking to speak to him. 12:47 Now someone said to him, Behold, your mother and your brethren are standing outside, seeking to speak to you.

    12:48 But he answered and said to him who spoke to him, Who is my mother? And who are my brethren? 12:49 And he stretched out his hand toward his disciples and said, Behold, my mother and my brethren! 12:50 For* whoever practices the will of my Father who is in the heavens, he is my brother and sister and mother.

 

[Matthew 13] TOC

 

    {Mk 4:1-25 & Mt 13:1-23 & Lk 8:4-18 Sea of Galilee.}

    13:1 Now in that day, Jesus went out of the house and was sitting beside the sea. 13:2 And large crowds were gathered to see him, so-that he stepped onto a ship and sat, and all the crowd stood upon the beach.

    13:3 And he spoke many things to them in parables, saying: Behold, the sower went forth to sow; 13:4 and while* he sowed, some fell beside the road and the birds came and devoured them.

    13:5 Now others fell upon the rocky-areas, where they did not have much soil and immediately they rose up because they had no depth of soil; 13:6 and when* the sun rose, they were burnt, and they dried up because they had no root.

    13:7 Now others fell upon the thorns, and the thorns shot up and choked them.

    13:8 But now, others fell upon the good soil and were giving fruit, which some was a hundred times, but some was sixty, but some thirty.

    13:9 He who has ears to hear, let him hear.

 

    13:10 And the disciples came and said to him, Why do you speak to them in parables?

    13:11 But he answered and said to them, It has been given to you* to know the mysteries of the kingdom of the heavens, but it has not given to those men. 13:12 For* whoever has, to him will be given and he will abound, but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 13:13 Because of this, I speak to them in parables, because seeing, they do not see, and hearing, they do not hear, nor do they understand. 13:14 And the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled in them, which says, ‘In hearing you* will hear and may never* understand, and seeing you* will see and may never* know; 13:15 for* the heart of this people has become-callous and they have selectively heard with the ears and they have closed their eyes; lest they should see with their eyes and should hear with their ears and should understand with their heart and should turn again and I will heal them.’ {Isa 6:9-10} 13:16 But your* eyes are fortunate, because they are seeing, and your* ears, because they are hearing. 13:17 For* assuredly I am saying to you*, that many prophets and righteous men desired to see the things you* are seeing and did not see them, and to hear the things you* are hearing and did not hear them.

 

    13:18 Therefore you*, hear the parable of the sower: 13:19 everyone hearing the word of the kingdom and not understanding it, then the evil one comes and takes away what has been sown in his heart. This is he who was sown beside the road.

    13:20 And he who was sown upon the rocky-areas, this is he who hears the word and immediately is receiving it with joy; 13:21 but he does not have root in himself, but is temporary, and when* affliction or persecution has happened to him because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

    13:22 And he who was sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the word, and the anxiety of this world and the deception of riches, choke the word and he becomes unfruitful.

    13:23 Now he who was sown upon the good soil, this is he who hears the word and understands it; who bears-fruit and produces some a hundred times, and some sixty, and some thirty!

       {Mt 13:24-30; no parallel.}

    13:24 He placed another parable with them, saying: The kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man who sows good seed in his field; 13:25 but while* the men slept, his enemy came and sowed darnels between the stalks of the wheat and went away. 13:26 But when the blade sprouted and produced fruit, then the darnels also appeared. 13:27 Now the bondservant of the householder came and said to him, Lord, did you not sow good seed in your field? Then* from where have the darnels come?

    13:28 Now he said to them, A man, an enemy, did this.

    Now the bondservants said to him, Then* do you wish that we go and collect them?

    13:29 But he said, No; lest while collecting up the darnels, you* may uproot the wheat at the same time with them. 13:30 Allow both to be grown together till the harvest, and I will say to the reapers in the time of the harvest, Collect first the darnels and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.

 

    {Mk 4:30-34 & Mt 13:31-35.}

    13:31 He placed another parable before them, saying: The kingdom of the heavens is similar to a kernel of a mustard-seed, which a man took and sowed in his field; 13:32 which indeed is least compared to all of the other seeds, but whenever it is grown, it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so-that the birds of the heaven come and nest in its branches.

 

    13:33 He spoke another parable to them: The kingdom of the heavens is similar to leaven, which a woman took and hid in three three-gallon containers of flour, until it was entirely leavened.

 

    13:34 Jesus spoke all these things in parables to the crowds, and he was not speaking to them without a parable; 13:35 *that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘I will open my mouth in parables. I will utter things which have been hidden from the conception of the world.’ {Psa 78:2}

 

    {Mt 13:36-53; no parallel.}

    13:36 Then Jesus, having left the crowds, went into the house and his disciples came to him, saying, Explain to us the parable of the darnels of the field.

    13:37 Now he answered and said to them, He who is sowing the good seed is the Son of Man; 13:38 and the field is the world, and the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom, and the darnels are the sons of the evil one; 13:39 and the enemy that sowed them is the Devil and the harvest is the end of the world, and the reapers are messengers. 13:40 Therefore, just-like the darnels is collected and burned in fire; so it will be in the end of this world. 13:41 The Son of Man will send forth his messengers and they will collect out of his kingdom all the offenses and those who are practicing lawlessness, 13:42 and will cast them into the furnace of fire– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there. 13:43 Then the righteous will shine out like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.

 

    13:44 Again, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a treasure that has been hidden in the field; which a man found and hid, and he goes and sells all his things in his joy, as many things as he has and buys that field.

 

    13:45 Again, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man, who is a merchant, seeking beautiful pearls; 13:46 who found one very precious pearl, went and sold* all his things, as many things as he had, and bought it.

 

    13:47 Again, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a dragnet, that was cast into the sea and gathered fish of every variety; 13:48 which, when* it was filled, having hauled it up upon the beach, and having sat down, they collected the good into containers, but they cast the rotten outside. 13:49 So it will be in the end of the world; the messengers will go out and separate* the evil from the midst of the righteous, 13:50 and will cast them into the furnace of fire– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there.

 

    13:51 And Jesus says to them, Have you* understood all these things?

    They say to him, Yes, Lord.

 

    13:52 Now he said to them, Because of this, every scribe who has been made a disciple to the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man who is a householder, who casts forth out of his treasure, new and old things.

 

    13:53 And it happened, when Jesus had completed these parables, he took off from there.

 

    {Mk 6:1-6a & Mt 13:54-58 Nazareth.}

    13:54 And when* he came into his fatherland, he was teaching them in their synagogue, so-that they were astounded and said, From where did this one receive the wisdom and the miracles? 13:55 Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is his mother not called* Mary? And his brethren, James and Joses and Simon and Jude? 13:56 And are they not all his sisters with us? Then* from where did this one receive all these things? 13:57 And they were being offended at him.

    But Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without honor, except in his fatherland and in his own house. 13:58 And he did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.

 

[Matthew 14] TOC

 

    {Mk 6:14-29 & Mt 14:1-12 & Lk 9:7-9.}

    14:1 Herod the Tetrarch heard the report of Jesus at that time, 14:2 and said to his young-servants, This is John the Immerser*; he was raised from the dead, and because of this, these powers are working in him. 14:3 For* Herod had took-hold of John, and bound him, and placed him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife.

    14:4 For* John said to him, It is not legal for you to have her.

    14:5 And wishing to kill him, but he feared the crowd, because they held him as a prophet.

    14:6 Now when* Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst of the court and pleased Herod; 14:7 from where he confessed with an oath to give her whatever she asks of him.

    14:8 Now being pushed forward by her mother, she says, Give me the head of John the Immerser* upon a platter here.

    14:9 And the king was sorrowful, but because of his oaths and of those who reclined at the meal together with him, he commanded it to be given. 14:10 And he sent and beheaded John in the prison. 14:11 And his head was carried upon a platter, and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. 14:12 And his disciples came and lifted up the body, and buried it, and they went and reported to Jesus.

 

    {Mk 6:30-32 & Mt 14:13 & Lk 9:10 & Jn 6:1 East shore of Galilee.}

    14:13 And when* Jesus heard it, he departed from there in a ship, privately to a desolate place, and when* the crowds heard of it, they followed him on foot from the cities.

 

    {Mk 6:33-44 & Mt 14:14-21 & Lk 9:11-17 & Jn 6:2-14.}

    14:14 And when* Jesus went out, he saw a large crowd, and he had compassion on them and healed their sick. 14:15 Now when* it became evening, his disciples came to him, saying, The place is desolate and the hour has already passed away; dismiss the crowds, that* they may go away into the villages and buy food for themselves.

    14:16 But Jesus said to them, They have no need to go away; you*, give them food to eat!

    14:17 But they say to him, We do not have anything here except five loaves and two fish.

    14:18 Now he said, Bring them here to me. 14:19 And he commanded the crowds to recline upon the grass, and he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he gave-thanks and broke them, and he gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples then gave to the crowds. 14:20 And they all ate and were fed, and they took up what was leftover of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full. 14:21 Now those eating were approximately five thousand men, plus women and children.

 

    {Mk 6:45-56 & Mt 14:22-36 & Jn 6:15-21.}

    14:22 And immediately, Jesus urged the disciples to step into the ship, and to precede him to the area beyond-that, until he should dismiss the crowds. 14:23 And after he had dismissed the crowds, he went up into the mountain privately to pray. Now when* it became evening, he was alone there. 14:24 But the ship was already in the midst of the sea, was being tormented by the waves; for* the wind was adverse. 14:25 Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking upon the sea. 14:26 And when* the disciples saw him walking upon the sea, they were disturbed, saying, It is an apparition, and they cried out from their fear.

    14:27 But Jesus immediately spoke to them, saying, Have courage; it is I; do not be afraid.

    14:28 Now Peter having answered to him, said, Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you upon the waters.

    14:29 Now he said, Come.

    And Peter went down from the ship, and walked upon the waters to go toward Jesus. 14:30 But he was afraid, seeing the strong wind, and beginning to sink, he cried out, saying, Lord, save me.

    14:31 Now Jesus immediately stretched out his hand, and grabbed him, and says to him, You of small faith, why were you skeptical?

    14:32 And when* they stepped into the ship, the wind pauses. 14:33 Now those in the ship, having come to him, worshiped him, saying, You are truly the Son of God.

 

    14:34 And having ferried over, they came to the land of Gennesaret. 14:35 And when* the men of that place recognized him, they sent word into the whole region around and brought to him all those who have an illness, 14:36 and they were pleading with him that* they might only touch the hem of his garment and as many as touched it, were cured.

 

[Matthew 15] TOC

 

    {Mk 7:1-23 & Mt 15:1-20 & Jn 7:1 Galilee, probably Capernaum Spring 29 AD.}

    15:1 Then the scribes and Pharisees from Jerusalem come to Jesus, saying, 15:2 Why are your disciples transgressing the tradition of the elders? For* they do not wash their hands whenever they eat bread.

    15:3 But he answered and said to them, Why do you* also transgress the commandment of God because of your* tradition? 15:4 For* God commanded, saying, ‘Honor your father and your mother.’ {Ex. 20:12 & Deu. 5:16} And, ‘He who is speaking evil of their father or mother, let him be ended by the sentence of death.’ {Ex. 21:17 & Lev. 20:9} 15:5 But you* say, Whoever says to his father or his mother, in whatever you might have been profited from me, it is a gift to God, 15:6 and then should never* honor his father and mother, and thus you* invalidated the commandment of God because of your* tradition. 15:7 You* hypocrites! Isaiah prophesied well concerning you*, saying, 15:8 These people are drawing near to me with their mouth, and are honoring me with their lips, but their heart is faraway from me. 15:9 But they are worshiping me in futility, teaching as their teachings– the commandments of men.’ {Isa 29:13}

    15:10 And he called to him the crowd and said to them, Hear and understand! 15:11 Not what enters into the mouth desecrates the man, but what is traveling from the mouth, this desecrates the man.

 

    15:12 Then the disciples, having come to him, said, Do you know that the Pharisees were offended when* they heard this speech?

    15:13 He answered and said, Every plant which my heavenly father did not plant will be uprooted. 15:14 Leave them! They are blind guides of the blind. Now if the blind guide the blind, both will fall into a ditch.

    15:15 Now Peter answered and said to him, Explain to us the parable.

    15:16 Now Jesus said, Are you* also without understanding at this point? 15:17 Are you* not yet perceiving, that whatever travels into the mouth makes room in the belly, and is cast out into the sewer? 15:18 But these things which are traveling from the mouth, come out from the heart, and they desecrate the man. 15:19 For* out of the heart comes forth evil reasonings, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false testimonies, blasphemies. 15:20 These are the things which desecrate the man, but to eat with unwashed hands does not desecrate the man.

 

    {Mk 7:24 & Mt 15:21.}

    15:21 And Jesus went out from there, and departed into the parts of Tyre and Sidon.

 

    {Mk 7:25-30 & Mt 15:22-28 Tyre and Sidon.}

    15:22 And behold, a woman from Canaan came out from those borders, and cried-out to him, saying, Show-mercy to me, O Lord, you the son of David. My daughter is evilly demon-possessed. 15:23 But he answered her not a word.

    And his disciples came and asked him, saying, Dismiss her, because she is crying behind us.

    15:24 But he answered and said, I was not sent, except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

    15:25 But she came and worshiped him, saying, Lord, help me.

    15:26 Now he answered and said, It is not good to take the children’s bread and cast it to the puppies.

    15:27 But she said, Yes, Lord; for* even the puppies eat from the crumbs which are falling from the table of their lords.

    15:28 Then Jesus answered and said to her, O woman, great is your faith. Let it happen for you as you will it. And her daughter was healed from that hour.

 

    {Mk 7:31 & Mt 15:29 Avoiding Herod’s territory.}

    15:29 And Jesus, having proceeded from there, went beside the sea of Galilee, and he went up into the mountain and was sitting there.

    {Mk 7:32-37 & Mt 15:30-31 Magadan and Bethsaida Summer 29 AD.}

    15:30 And large crowds came to him there, having the lame, blind, mute, crippled and many others with them. They tossed them beside the feet of Jesus, and he healed them; 15:31 so-that the crowds marveled, seeing the mute speaking; the crippled healthy; the lame walking; and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel.

 

    {Mk 8:1-8:9 & Mt 15:32-38.}

    15:32 Now Jesus called his disciples to him, and said, I have compassion upon the crowd because they already remain with me three days, and do not have anything that they might eat, and I am not willing to dismiss them starving, lest they might faint on the road.

    15:33 And his disciples say to him, From where can we buy so-many loaves for us in the wilderness, so-then to feed so-great a crowd?

    15:34 And Jesus said to them, How many loaves do you* have?

    But they said, Seven and a few small-fish.

    15:35 And he commanded the crowd to lean-back upon the soil. 15:36 And he took the seven loaves and the few fish, and he gave-thanks and broke them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples gave to the crowds. 15:37 And they all ate and were fed, and they took up what was leftover of the broken pieces, seven baskets full. 15:38 Now those eating were approximately four thousand men, plus women and children.

 

    {Mk 8:10-26 & Mt 15:39-16:12 Near Caesarea Philippi Summer 29 AD.}

    15:39 And he dismissed the crowds, and stepped into the ship, and went into the borders of Magadan.

 

[Matthew 16] TOC

 

    16:1 And having come to him, the Pharisees and Sadducees testing him, asked him to show them a sign from heaven. 16:2 But having answered, he said to them, When* it becomes evening, you* say, It will be fair-weather; for* the heaven is red. 16:3 And in the morning, There will be a storm today; for* the heaven is red and dismal. Hypocrites! You* indeed know how to discern the face of the heaven, but you* are not able to discern the signs of the times. 16:4 An evil and adulterous generation is seeking after a sign, and no sign will be given to it, except the sign of Jonah the prophet. And he left them and went away.

 

    16:5 And his disciples came to the area beyond-that, and forgot to take bread. 16:6 Now Jesus said to them, Behold and take-heed of things from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees!

    16:7 Now they were reasoning among themselves, saying, It is because we took no bread.

    16:8 Now Jesus having known it, said to them, You* of small faith, why are you* reasoning among yourselves, because you* took no bread? 16:9 Do you* not yet perceive, nor remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets you* took up? 16:10 Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets you* took up? 16:11 How is it that you* do not perceive that I did not speak to you* concerning bread, but to take-heed of things from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees? 16:12 Then they understood that he did not say to take-heed of things from the leaven of bread, but of things from the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

 

    {Mk 8:27-30 & Mt 16:13-20 & Lk 9:18-21 Caesarea Philippi.}

    16:13 Now when* Jesus came into the parts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Who do men say the Son of Man is?

    16:14 Now they said, Some say John the Immerser*; others, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.

    16:15 He says to them, But who do you* say that I am?

    16:16 Now Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

    16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, You are fortunate, Simon, Son of Jonah, because flesh and blood has not revealed it to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 16:18 But I also say to you, that you are {F} Peter and upon this, {F} the rock, I will build my {F} congregation* of believers, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against her. 16:19 I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of the heavens, and whatever you bind upon the earth will be, having already been bound in the heavens, and whatever you loose upon the earth will be, having already been loosed in the heavens. 16:20 Then he ordered the disciples that* they should tell no one that he was Jesus Christ.

 

    {Mk 8:31-9:1 & Mt 16:21-28 & Lk 9:22-27 Caesarea Philippi.}

    16:21 Jesus began to show to his disciples from then on, that it is essential for him to go to Jerusalem and to suffer many things from the elders and high-priests and scribes, and to be killed, and to arise in the third day. 16:22 And Peter took him and began to rebuke him, saying, God will be lenient to you, Lord. This will never* be happening to you.

    16:23 But he turned and said to Peter, Go behind me, adversary! You are an offense to me, because you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.

    16:24 Then Jesus said to his disciples, If anyone is willing to come after me, let him deny himself and lift up his cross and follow me. 16:25 For* whoever wishes to save his life, will lose it, and whoever loses his life because of me will find it. 16:26 For* what is a man profited, if he gains the whole world, and should forfeit his soul? Or what shall a man give as an exchange for his soul? 16:27 For* the Son of Man is about to come in the glory of his Father with his messengers, and then he will give to each one according to his practice. 16:28 Assuredly I am saying to you*, Some of those who are standing here may never* taste of death, until they should see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.

 

    {Footnotes: Mt 16:18, these words are different in Greek. Peter translated is a ‘pebble’ and the other word is ‘rock’ as in ‘a massive rock or rock foundation,’ the kind of rock that the wise man built his house on in Mt 7:24-25, i.e., congregated believers, Eph 4:1-6; discussed more in the ‘Definitions’ section.}

 

[Matthew 17] TOC

 

    {Mk 9:2-13 & Mt 17:1-13 & Lk 9:28-36 Caesarea Philippi.}

    17:1 And after six days Jesus takes with him Peter and James and John his brother, and privately brings them up into a high mountain. 17:2 And he was transfigured before them, and his face shined like the sun, and his garments became white like the light. 17:3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, speaking together with him.

    17:4 Now Peter answered and said to Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here; if you will it. Should we make* three tabernacles here; one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah?

    17:5 While he is still speaking, behold, a radiant cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am delighted; hear him!

    17:6 And when* the disciples heard it, they fell upon their face, and were extremely afraid. 17:7 And Jesus came and touched them and said, Arise and do not be afraid. 17:8 Now they saw no one, having lifting up their eyes, except Jesus only.

    17:9 And while coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, Tell the vision to no one, until the Son of Man should rise* from the dead.

    17:10 And his disciples asked him, saying, Then* why do the scribes say that it is essential for Elijah to come first?

    17:11 Now Jesus answered and said to them, Indeed Elijah comes first and will restore all things. 17:12 But I am saying to you*, that Elijah already came, and they did not recognize him, but did as many things as they wished to him. So the Son of Man is also about to suffer by them. 17:13 Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them concerning John the Immerser*.

 

    {Mk 9:14-29 & Mt 17:14-21 & Lk 9:37-43 Region of Caesarea Philippi.}

    17:14 And having come to the crowd, a man came to him, kneeling down to him, and saying, 17:15 Lord, show-mercy to my son, because he is epileptic, and suffers evilly; for* he often falls into the fire and often into the water. 17:16 And I brought him to your disciples, and they were not able to heal him.

    17:17 But Jesus answered and said, O unbelieving and perverse generation, until when shall I be with you*? Until when shall I tolerate you*? Bring him here to me. 17:18 And Jesus rebuked him, and the demon went out of him, and the boy was healed from that hour.

    17:19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, Why were we not able to cast it out?

    17:20 Now Jesus said to them, Because of your* unbelief. For* assuredly I am saying to you*, If you* have faith like a kernel of a mustard-seed, you* will say to this mountain, Proceed from here to over there, and it will proceed, and nothing will be impossible for you*. 17:21 But this variety of demon does not travel out except in prayer and fasting.

 

    {Mk 9:30-32 & Mt 17:22-23 & Lk 9:43-45 Return to Galilee.}

    17:22 Now while conducting work in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of Man is about to be given up into the hands of men; 17:23 and they will kill him, and he will be arisen in the third day. And they were extremely sorrowful.

 

    {Mt 17:24-27 Capernaum Sept. 29 AD; no parallel.}

    17:24 Now having come to Capernaum, those who receive the four-denarii tax came to Peter and said, Does your* teacher not pay the four-denarii tax?

    17:25 He says, Yes.

    And when he entered into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying, What do you think, Simon? The kings of the earth, from whom do they receive taxes or tribute? From their sons or from the aliens?

    17:26 And Peter says to him, From aliens.

    Jesus said to him, Consequently*, the sons are free. 17:27 But in order that we might not offend them, you travel to the sea and cast a fishhook, and lift out the fish that ascends first, and when* you have opened its mouth, you will find a four-denarii coin. Take that, and give it to them in exchange-for you and me.

 

[Matthew 18] TOC

 

    {Mk 9:33-50 & Mt 18:1-14 & Lk 9:46-50 Sept. 29 AD.}

    18:1 The disciples came to Jesus in that hour, saying, Who then is greater in the kingdom of the heavens?

    18:2 And Jesus, having called to him a little child, stood it in the midst of them, 18:3 and said, Assuredly I am saying to you*, If you* do not turn and become like little children, you* may never* enter into the kingdom of the heavens. 18:4 Therefore, whoever humbles himself like this little child, this one is the greater one in the kingdom of the heavens. 18:5 And whoever accepts one such child in my name, accepts me. 18:6 But whoever offends one of these little ones who believes in me, it is more advantageous for him that* a millstone, the ones rotated by a donkey, should be hung at his neck, and that* he should be sunk in the depths of the sea.

    18:7 Woe to the world from the coming offenses! For* it is a necessity for the offenses to come; however, woe to that man through whom the offense comes! 18:8 Now if your hand or your foot is offending you, cut both of them off and cast them from you. It is good for you to enter into life lame or crippled, rather than to be cast into the everlasting fire, having two hands or two feet. 18:9 And if your eye is offending you, pluck it out and cast it from you. It is good for you to enter into life one-eyed, rather than having two eyes, and to be cast into the hell of fire.

    18:10 See that you* do not despise one of these little ones; for* I say to you*, that in the heavens their messengers are always looking at the face of my Father who is in the heavens. 18:11 For* the Son of Man came to save what has been lost.

    {Similar: Mt 18:12-14, Lk 15:3-7}

    18:12 What are you* thinking? If there should happen to be any man who has a hundred sheep, and one out of them might be misled, does he not leave the ninety nine and travel on the mountains, and seek the one that is misled? 18:13 And if he happens to find it, assuredly I am saying to you*, He rejoices over it more than over the ninety nine which have not been misled. 18:14 So it is also not the will before your* Father who is in heaven, that* one of these little ones should perish.

 

    {Mt 18:15-35; no parallel.}

    18:15 Now if your brother sins against {Greek: toward} you, go and reprove him, the sin is between you and him only; if he hears you, you have gained your brother. 18:16 But if he does not hear you, take with you one or two more, that*, ‘at the mouth of two or three witnesses every declaration should be established.’ {Deu. 19:15} 18:17 But if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the congregation*, and if he also refuses to hear the congregation*, let him be just-like the Gentile and the tax collector to you.

    18:18 Assuredly I am saying to you*, As many things as you* may bind upon the earth will be, having already been bound in heaven, and as many things as you* may loose upon earth will be, having already been loosed in heaven. 18:19 Again I say to you*, that if two of you* agree together upon the earth concerning any matter, whatever they ask, it will happen for them from my Father who is in the heavens. 18:20 For* where two or three have been gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them.

 

    18:21 Then Peter having come near to him, said, Lord, how-often will my brother sin against {Greek: toward} me and I forgive him? Until seven-times?

    18:22 Jesus says to him, I do not say to you, Until seven times, but, until seventy-times seven-times. 18:23 Because of this, the kingdom of the heavens has been similar to a certain king who wished to settle the account with his bondservants. 18:24 Now having begun to settle the account, one man was brought to him, a debtor of ten-thousand silver talants {$10 billion total}. 18:25 But he did not have anything to repay him with, so his lord commanded him and his wife and children and all things, as many things as he was holding, to be sold* and the money to be repaid to him.

    18:26 Then* the bondservant falling down, was worshiping him, saying, Lord, have patience upon me, and I will repay all of it to you. 18:27 But the lord of that bondservant, having compassion on him, released him and forgave him the loan.

    18:28 But that bondservant went out and found one of his fellow bondservants who owed him a hundred denarii, and he took-hold of him, and was choking him, saying, Repay if you are owing me anything.

    18:29 Then* his fellow bondservant, falling down at his feet, was pleading with him, saying, Have patience upon me and I will repay you. 18:30 But he did not wish to, but went and cast him into prison, until he should repay what is owed. 18:31 But his fellow bondservants, having seen the things that had happened, were extremely sorrowful. And having come to their own lord, they told all the things that had happened.

    18:32 Then his lord called him, and says to him, You evil bondservant, I forgave you all that debt, since you pleaded with me. 18:33 It was essential for you to have shown-mercy also on your fellow bondservant, like I also had shown-mercy to you. 18:34 And his lord, was angry and gave him to the torturers until he should repay everything that is owed to him. 18:35 So my heavenly Father will also do to you*, if each of you* does not forgive his brother his trespasses from your* hearts.

 

[Matthew 19] TOC

 

    {Mk 10:1-12 & Mt 19:1-12.}

    19:1 And it happened, when Jesus had completed these words, he took off from Galilee and came into the borders of Judea beyond-that of the Jordan; 19:2 and large crowds followed him, and he healed them there.

 

    19:3 And the Pharisees came to him, testing him and saying to him, If it is legal to a man to divorce his wife according to every cause.

    19:4 But he answered and said to them, Have you* not read, He who made* them, made* them male and female from the beginning. {Gen. 1:27, 5:2} 19:5 And said, Because of this, a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife, and the two will be jointed into one flesh. {Gen. 2:24} 19:6 So-that they are no more two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has yoked together; let man not separate.

    19:7 They say to him, Then* why did Moses command us to give a document of divorcement and to dismiss her? {Deu. 24:1-4}

    19:8 He says to them, Moses permitted you* to divorce your* wives for your* hardness of heart, but from the beginning it has not become so. 19:9 But I am saying to you*, Whoever divorces his wife not over {Greek: upon. Or: upon the basis of} fornication, and should marry another, is committing adultery, and he who marries her who has been divorced is committing adultery. {Mt 5:32, Lk 16:18}

    19:10 His disciples say to him, If thus is the case of the man with his wife, it is not advantageous to marry.

    19:11 But he said to them, Not all people will make room for this word, but they to whom it has been given: 19:12 for* there are eunuchs who were born so out of their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs because of the kingdom of the heavens. He who is able to make room for it, let him make room for it.

 

    {Mk 10:13-16 & Mt 19:13-15 & Lk 18:15-17 Peraea.}

    19:13 Then little children were brought to him, that* he might lay his hands on them and might pray for them, and the disciples rebuked them. 19:14 But Jesus said, Allow the little children, and do not forbid them to come to me; for* of such is the kingdom of the heavens. 19:15 And having laid his hands on them, he traveled from there.

 

    {Mk 10:17-31 & Mt 19:16-20:16 & Lk 18:18-30 Peraea.}

    19:16 And behold, one man came to him and said to him, Good teacher, what good thing should I practice that* I may have everlasting life?

    19:17 Now he said to him, Why do you call* me good? No one is good except one– God, but if you wish to enter into everlasting life, keep the commandments.

    19:18 He says to him, What ones?

    Now Jesus said, Do not murder; Do not commit adultery; Do not steal; Do not falsely testify, 19:19 Honor your father and mother. {Ex. 20:12-16 & Deu. 5:16-20} And, You will love* your neighbor like yourself. {Lev. 19:18}

    19:20 The young-man says to him, I have observed all these things from my youth. So what am I still lacking?

    19:21 Jesus said to him, If you are willing to be complete, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor and you will have treasure in heaven and come-here. Follow me. 19:22 But when* the young-man heard the word, he went away and was sorrowing; for* he had many properties.

 

    19:23 Now Jesus said to his disciples, Assuredly I am saying to you*, A rich man will hardly enter into the kingdom of the heavens. 19:24 But again I am saying to you*, It is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

    19:25 Now when* his disciples heard it, they were being extremely astounded, saying, Who then is able to be saved?

    19:26 But Jesus, looked at them and said to them, This is impossible with men, but all things are possible with God.

    19:27 Then Peter answered and said to him, Behold, we have left all and followed you; what then will be left for us?

    19:28 But Jesus said to them, Assuredly I am saying to you*, that you* who have followed me, whenever the Son of Man sits upon the throne of his glory in the rebirth, you* will also sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 19:29 And everyone who has left houses or brethren or sisters, or their father or mother or wife, or children or fields, because of my name, will receive a hundred-times that, and will inherit everlasting life. 19:30 But many will be last who are first, and first who are last.

 

[Matthew 20] TOC

 

    20:1 For* the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man who was a householder, who went out at the same time every morning to hire workers into his vineyard. 20:2 And having agreed together with the workers for a denarius a day {a standard day’s pay}, he sent them into his vineyard. 20:3 And he went out around the third hour {i.e. 9:00 AM} and saw others standing idle in the marketplace; 20:4 and he said to those men, You* also, go into the vineyard and I will give you* whatever is just. And they went. 20:5 Again, they went out around the sixth {i.e. Noon} and the ninth hour; {i.e. 3:00 PM} and he did likewise*. 20:6 Now around the eleventh hour, {i.e. 5:00 PM} he went out and found others standing idle, and he says to them, Why are you* standing here idle the whole day?

    20:7 They say to him, Because no one has hired us.

    So he says to them, You* also, go into the vineyard and I will give you* whatever is just. 20:8 Now when* it became evening, the lord of the vineyard says to his commissioner, Call the workers and give to them their wages, begin from the last to the first. 20:9 And when* those hired around the eleventh hour {i.e. 5:00 PM} came, they each received a denarius apiece. 20:10 Now when* the first came, they supposed that they will receive more, but they themselves also received a denarius apiece.

    20:11 But having received it, they were murmuring against the householder, 20:12 saying, These last ones have only done one hour of work, and you have made* them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the burning heat.

    20:13 But he answered and said to one of them, Comrade, I am not wronging you. Did you not agree together with me for a denarius? 20:14 Take up what is yours and go away. It is my will to give to this last one, as I also did to you. 20:15 Or is it not legal for me to do what I will in what is mine? Or is your eye evil, because I am good? 20:16 So the last will be first, and the first last; for* many are invited but few are chosen.

 

    {Mk 10:32-45 & Mt 20:17-28 & Lk 18:31-34; Peraea or Judea, near Jordan.}

    20:17 And while going up to Jerusalem, Jesus took the twelve disciples privately by the road and he said to them, 20:18 Behold, we go into Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be given up to the high-priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, 20:19 and they will give him to the Gentiles, *that* they should mock and scourge and crucify him, and in the third day he will rise* again.

 

    20:20 Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with her sons, came to him, worshiping him, and asking something from him. 20:21 But he said to her, What do you wish?

    She says to him, Say that* these, my two sons, may sit, one at your right hand and one at your left hand in your kingdom.

    20:22 But Jesus answered and said, You* do not know what you* ask. Are you* able to drink the cup which I am about to drink, or to be immersed* with the immersion* to which I am about to be immersed*?

    They say to him, We are able.

    20:23 And he says to them, Indeed, you* will drink my cup and you* will be immersed* with the immersion* to which I am immersed*, but to sit at my right and at my left, is not mine to give, but it is for them for whom it has been prepared by my Father. 20:24 And having heard this, they were indignant concerning the two brothers.

    20:25 But Jesus called them and said, You* know that the rulers of the Gentiles are lording it over them, and their great ones wield authority over them. 20:26 But it will not be so among you*, but whoever wishes to become great among you*, he will be your* servant; 20:27 and whoever wishes to be first among you*, let him be your* bondservant; 20:28 just-like the Son of Man did not come to be served to, but to serve and to give his life as a redemption in exchange-for many.

 

    {Mk 10:46-52 & Mt 20:29-34 & Lk 18:35-43; Jericho.}

    20:29 And while traveling out from Jericho, a large crowd followed him. 20:30 And behold, two blind men sitting by the road, having heard that Jesus was passing by, they cried out, saying, Lord, son of David, show-mercy to us! 20:31 But the crowd rebuked them, that* they should be silent, but they were crying out the greatest, saying, Lord, son of David, show-mercy to us!

    20:32 And Jesus stood and summoned them, and said, What do you* will that I might do for you*?

    20:33 They say to him, Lord, that* our eyes might be opened. 20:34 Now Jesus, having compassion, touched their eyes, and immediately their eyes recovered their sight and they followed him.

 

[Matthew 21] TOC

 

       {The week of Jesus’ crucifixion. Mk 11:1-11 & Mt 21:1-12, 14-17 & Lk 19:29-44 & Jn 12:12-19 Bethany to Jerusalem and back Sun. April 2, 30 AD.}

    21:1 And when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, toward the Mountain of Olives, Jesus then sent two disciples, 21:2 saying to them, Travel into the village which is in front of you*, and immediately you* will find a donkey that has been tied and a colt with her. Loose them and lead them to me. 21:3 And if anyone says anything to you*, You* will say, The Lord has need of them, and immediately he will send them. 21:4 Now this whole thing has happened, in order that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 21:5 ‘Tell the daughter of Zion, Behold, your King is coming to you, meek and has been mounted upon a donkey and a colt, the son of a donkey.’ {Isa 62:11 & Zech. 9:9} 21:6 Now the disciples having traveled and having done just-as Jesus commanded them, 21:7 they led the donkey and the colt and placed their garments upon them, and he sat upon them. 21:8 But most of the crowd spread their garments in the road, and others were cutting branches from the trees and spreading them in the road.

    21:9 Now the crowds that precede him and who are following him, were crying, saying, ‘Hosanna to the son of David. He who is coming in the name of the Lord has been blessed.’ Hosanna in the highest.’ {Psa 118:25-26} 21:10 And having come into Jerusalem, all the city was shaken up, saying, Who is this?

    21:11 But the crowds were saying, This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.

 

    {Mk 11:12-18 & Mt 21:18, 19, 12, 13 & Lk 19:45-48 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Mon.}

    21:12 And Jesus entered into the temple of God, and cast out all those who are selling and buying in the temple, and turned over the tables of the brokers and the chairs of those selling the doves; 21:13 and he says to them, It has been written, My house will be called a house of prayer, but you* made* it a den of robbers. {Isa 56:7 & Jer. 7:11}

    21:14 And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them. 21:15 But when* the high-priests and the scribes saw the marvelous things that he did, and the children crying in the temple and saying, Hosanna to the son of David.

    They were indignant, 21:16 and said to him, Do you hear what they are saying?

    But Jesus says to them, Yes. Have you* never* read, ‘You have matured praise out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies.’ {Psa 8:2} 21:17 And he left them, and went forth outside the city to Bethany, and camped there.

 

    21:18 Now in the morning, as he was leading them back to the city, he hungered. 21:19 And seeing a fig tree upon the road, he came upon it and found nothing in it, except leaves only, and he says to it, Let it happen that there is no fruit from you any longer, forever. And instantly the fig tree dried up.

 

    {Mk 11:19-26 & Mt 21:20-22 & Lk 21:37-38 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Tues.}

    21:20 And when* the disciples saw it, they marveled, saying, How did the fig tree instantly dry up?

    21:21 Now Jesus answered and said to them, Assuredly I am saying to you*, If you* have faith and do not doubt, you* will not only do the miracle of the fig tree, but even if you* say to this mountain, Be lifted up and cast yourself into the sea, it will happen. 21:22 And all things, as many things as you* may ask in prayer, and believing, you* will receive.

 

    {Mk 11:27-33 & Mt 21:23-27 & Lk 20:1-8 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    21:23 And having come into the temple, the high-priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, saying, By what authority are you doing these things? And who gave you this authority?

    21:24 But Jesus answered and said to them, I will also ask you* one question, which if you* tell me, then I will also tell you* by what authority I am doing these things. 21:25 The immersion* of John, where was it from, from heaven or from men?

    Now they were reasoning with themselves, saying, If we say, From heaven; he will say to us, Then* why did you* not believe him? 21:26 But if we say, From men; we fear the crowd; for* all hold John as a prophet. 21:27 And they answered Jesus and said, We do not know.

    He also said to them, Nor do I tell you* by what authority I am doing these things.

 

    {Mt 21:28-32; no parallel.}

    21:28 But what do you* think? A man had two children, and he came to the first and said, Child, go work today in my vineyard.

    21:29 But he answered and said, I will not, but later he regretted it and went.

    21:30 And he came to the second and said likewise*. But he answered and said, I will go lord, and did not go. 21:31 Which one out of the two did the will of his father?

    They say, The first.

    Jesus says to them, Assuredly I am saying to you*, that the tax collectors and the prostitutes precede into the kingdom of God before you*. 21:32 For* John came to you* in the way of righteousness, and you* did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him, and then having seen it, you* did not even regret it later, that you* might believe him.

 

    {Mk 12:1-12 & Mt 21:33-46 & Lk 20:9-19.}

    21:33 Hear another parable: there was a certain man, a householder, who planted a vineyard and placed a fence around it, and shoveled a winepress in it, and built a tower and rented it out to farmers, and went abroad. 21:34 Now when the time of the fruits drew near, he sent his bondservants to the farmers, to receive his fruits. 21:35 And then the farmers took his bondservants and whipped one, and killed one and stoned one. 21:36 Again, he sent other bondservants, more-than the first, and they did to them likewise*. 21:37 But later he sent to them his son, saying, They will revere my son. 21:38 But the farmers, when* they saw the son, said among themselves, This is the heir. Come-here. We should kill him, and we might hold-onto his inheritance. 21:39 And they took him and cast him forth outside the vineyard, and killed him. 21:40 Therefore, whenever the lord of the vineyard comes, what shall he do to those farmers?

    21:41 They say to him, He will evilly destroy those evil men, and will rent the vineyard to other farmers, who will give to him the fruits at their seasons.

    21:42 Jesus says to them, Have you* never* read in the Scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected*, this has become the head of the corner; this has become from the Lord and it is marvelous in our eyes? {Psa 118:22-23} 21:43 Because of this, I am saying to you*, The kingdom of God will be taken away from you*, and will be given to a nation producing the fruits of it. 21:44 And he who falls upon this stone will be shattered, but upon whomever it will fall, it will smash him. 21:45 And when* the high-priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he spoke concerning them. 21:46 And seeking to take-hold of him, but they feared the crowds, since they held him as a prophet.

 

[Matthew 22] TOC

 

    {Mt 22:1-14; no parallel.}

    22:1 And Jesus answered and spoke again to them in parables, saying: 22:2 The kingdom of the heavens is similar to a certain king, who made* a marriage feast for his son, 22:3 and sent forth his bondservants to call to those who have been invited to the marriage feast, and they were not willing to come. 22:4 Again he sent forth other bondservants, saying, Tell those who have been invited, Behold, I prepared my meal; my oxen and my fattened calves have been sacrificed, and all things are prepared. Come-here to the marriage feast. 22:5 But they neglecting it, went away, one to his own field, another to his merchandise; 22:6 and the rest took-hold of his bondservants, and abused them and killed them. 22:7 And that king, having heard it, was angry, and he having sent his armies, destroyed those murderers and incinerated their city.

    22:8 Then he says to his bondservants, The wedding is prepared, but those who have been invited were not worthy. 22:9 Therefore, travel on the thoroughfares of the roads, and as many as you* may find, invite to the marriage feast. 22:10 And those bondservants, having gone out into the roads, gathered together all things, as many people as they found, both evil and good and the wedding was filled with people reclining at the table.

    22:11 But when* the king came in to look at those reclining at the table, he saw a man there who has not clothed himself in wedding attire; 22:12 and he says to him, Comrade, how did you come in here not having on your wedding attire? Now he was dumbfounded. 22:13 Then the king said to the servants, When* you* bind him hand and foot, take him away and cast him out into the outer darkness– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there. 22:14 For* many are called, but few are the chosen.

 

    {Mk 12:13-17 & Mt 22:15-22 & Lk 20:20-26 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    22:15 Then the Pharisees traveled away and took counsel on how they might ensnare him in his words. 22:16 And they send their disciples to him, with the Herodians, saying, Teacher, we know that you are true and teach the way of God in truth, and do not care concerning anyone’s appearance; for* you do not look at the countenance of men. 22:17 Therefore tell us, What do you think? Is it legal to give tribute to Caesar or not?

    22:18 But Jesus, having known their wickedness, said, Why are you* testing me, you* hypocrites? 22:19 Show me the tribute coin. Now they brought to him a denarius. 22:20 And he says to them, Whose face is this image and inscription? 22:21 They say to him, Caesar’s. Then he says to them, Therefore give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God, the things that are God’s. 22:22 And having heard it, they marveled, and went away, leaving him.

       {Mk 12:18-27 & Mt 22:23-33 & Lk 20:27-39.}

    22:23 In that day, the Sadducees came to him, saying that there is no resurrection, and they asked him, 22:24 saying, Teacher, Moses said, If anyone dies, having no children, his brother will marry his wife and will raise* up seed to his brother. {Deu. 25:5} 22:25 Now seven brethren were with us, and the first having married, but after he was dead*, his wife had no seed left to his brother; 22:26 likewise also the second and the third, to the seventh. 22:27 But after them all, the woman also died. 22:28 Therefore, whose wife will she be of the seven in the resurrection? For* they all had her as a wife.

    22:29 But Jesus answered and said to them, You* are being misled, by not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God. 22:30 For* in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are betrothed, but are like messengers of God in heaven. 22:31 But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you* not read what was spoken to you* by God, saying, 22:32 I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob? {Ex. 3:6} God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. 22:33 And when* the crowds heard it, they were being astounded at his teaching.

 

    {Mk 12:28-34 & Mt 22:34-40 & Lk 20:40.}

    22:34 But the Pharisees, having heard that he had hushed the Sadducees, were gathered together on the same ground. 22:35 And one out of them, a professor of the law, asked a question, testing him and saying, 22:36 Teacher, what is the great commandment in the law?

    22:37 Now Jesus said to him, You will love* the Lord your God in your whole heart and in your whole soul and in your whole mind. {Deu. 6:5} 22:38 This is the first and the great commandment. 22:39 And the second commandment is similar to it, You will love* your neighbor like yourself. {Lev. 19:18} 22:40 In these two commandments hangs the whole law and the prophets.

 

    {Mk 12:35-37 & Mt 22:41-46 & Lk 20:41-44.}

    22:41 Now the Pharisees having been gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 22:42 saying, What do you* think concerning the Christ? Whose son is he?

    They say to him, David’s.

    22:43 He says to them, Then* how does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying, 22:44 The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right, until I should place your enemies as the footstool of your feet? {Psa. 110:1} 22:45 Therefore, if David calls him Lord, how is he his son? 22:46 And no one was able to answer him a word, nor did anyone dare from that day forth to ask him anymore questions.

 

[Matthew 23] TOC

 

    {Mk 12:38-40 & Mt 23:1-39 & Lk 20:45-47 Courts of the Temple, Tues.}

    23:1 Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, 23:2 saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit upon the seat of Moses. 23:3 Therefore, as many things as they may say for you* to keep, keep and do, but do not do them according to their works; for* they say and are not doing. 23:4 For* they bind burdensome and unbearable loads, and place them upon men’s shoulders, but they are not willing to move them even with their finger. 23:5 And they are doing all their works to be seen by men. And they widen their phylacteries and magnify the hems of their garments, 23:6 and they love the foremost-place in the suppers and the foremost seats in the synagogues, 23:7 and the greeting in the marketplaces and to be called by men, Rabbi, Rabbi. 23:8 But do not be called Rabbi; for* only one is your* leader, the Christ, and you* are all brethren. 23:9 Now do not call anyone your* father upon the earth; for* only one is your* Father, who is in the heavens; 23:10 nor be called leaders; for* only one is your* leader– the Christ. 23:11 But the greater of you* will be your* servant. 23:12 But whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

 

    {Footnotes: Mt 23:13 & 23:14 are flipped in various Greek texts.}

    23:13 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* devour widows’ houses, and when* you* are praying long prayers for a pretext, because of this, you* will receive even-more condemnation.

    23:14 But woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* lock the kingdom of the heavens before men; for* you* are not entering in yourselves, nor are you* allowing those who are entering in, to enter either.

    23:15 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* go all around the sea and the dry land to make* one Jewish-convert, and whenever he has become one, you* are making* him double the son of hell as you* are yourselves.

    23:16 Woe to you*, you* blind guides, that say, Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated. 23:17 You* are foolish and blind; for* which is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold? 23:18 And, Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gift which is upon it, he is obligated. 23:19 You* are foolish and blind; for* which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift? 23:20 Therefore, he who swears by the altar swears by it, and by all things upon it. 23:21 And he who swears by the temple, swears by it, and in him who has dwelt in it. 23:22 And he who swears by the heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who is sitting upon it.

    23:23 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* tithe mint and dill and cumin, and yet have left behind the weighty things of the law: justice and mercy and faith. You* ought to do these, and not to have left behind those other things either. 23:24 You* blind guides, who strain out the gnat and swallow the camel!

    23:25 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* cleanse the outside of the cup and the plate, but they are full from swindling and unrighteousness inside. 23:26 Blind Pharisee! First cleanse the cup from within and the plate, that* the outside of them might also become clean.

    23:27 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* are similar to whitewashed burial chambers, which on the outside indeed appear beautiful, but inside are full of dead men’s bones, and full of all uncleanness. 23:28 So on the outside you* indeed appear also righteous to men, but inside, you* are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

    23:29 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* build the burial chambers of the prophets and adorn the tombs of the righteous, 23:30 and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in the blood of the prophets. 23:31 So-then you* are testifying to yourselves, that you* are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 23:32 And you*, fill up the measure of your* fathers. 23:33 Serpents, offspring of vipers! How may you* flee from the judgment of hell? 23:34 Because of this, behold, I am sending to you* prophets and wise men and scribes, and out of them you* will kill and crucify, and some of them you* will scourge in your* synagogues and persecute from city to city, 23:35 so *that upon you* may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of Abel the righteous {Gen. 4:8} to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you* murdered between the temple and the altar. {Zech 1:7 (?)} 23:36 Assuredly I am saying to you*, All these things will come upon this generation.

 

    23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who have been sent to her! How-often I willed to have gathered your children together in the manner a bird gathers her brood under her wings, and you* did not will it! 23:38 Behold, your* house is left to you* desolate; 23:39 for* I say to you*, You* may never* see me from now on, until you* should say, He who is coming in the name of the Lord has been blessed. {Psa 118:26}

 

[Matthew 24] TOC

 

    {Mt 24:1-26, 28 & Mk 13:1-23 & Lk 21:5-24 Destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. It is best to read Luke 21 first. See also: Lk 19:41-44 & Lk 23:28-31.}

    24:1 And Jesus, coming out, was traveling away from the temple, and his disciples came to him to show him the buildings of the temple. 24:2 But Jesus said to them, Do you* not see all these things? Assuredly I am saying to you*, One stone may not be left here upon another stone, which will not be torn-down.

    

    24:3 Now when* he sat upon the Mountain of Olives, the disciples privately came to him, saying, Tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign of your presence and of the end of the world?

    24:4 And Jesus answered and said to them, Beware, do not let anyone mislead you*. 24:5 For* many will come in my name, saying, I am the Christ, and will mislead many. 24:6 But you* are about to hear of wars and reports of wars; see that you* are not alarmed; for* it is essential for all these things to happen, but the end is not yet. 24:7 For* nation will arise against nation and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and plagues and earthquakes in different places. 24:8 But all these things are the beginning of travail. 24:9 Then they will give you* up to affliction and will kill you*, and you* will be hated by all the nations because of my name. 24:10 And then many will be offended, and will give up one another and will hate one another. 24:11 And many false prophets will arise and will mislead many. 24:12 And because lawlessness will be multiplied, the love* of the many will be cold. 24:13 But he who has endured to the end, this one will be saved. 24:14 And this good-news of the kingdom will be preached in the whole inhabited-earth, *for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.

    24:15 Therefore, whenever you* behold the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place, (let him who is reading perceive), {Da 9:27 & 11:31 & 12:11 the destruction of Jerusalem, see Luke 21.} 24:16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; 24:17 let him who is upon the housetop not go down to take the things out of his house, 24:18 and let him who is in the field not turn behind to take his garments. 24:19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing in those days! 24:20 But pray that* your* flight might not happen in the winter, nor on a Sabbath. 24:21 For* then will be great affliction, such-as has not happened from the beginning of the world until now, nor may never* happen again. 24:22 And except if those days had not been shortened, no flesh would have been saved, but because of the chosen, those days will be shortened. 24:23 Then if anyone says to you*, Behold, here is the Christ; or, over here is the Christ. Do not believe it. 24:24 For* false Christs and false prophets will arise and will give great signs and wonders; so-then to mislead, if possible, even the chosen. 24:25 Behold, I have spoken to you* beforehand. 24:26 Therefore if they say to you*, Behold, he is in the wilderness; do not go. Behold, he is in the storerooms; do not believe it.

    24:27 For* just-like the lightning comes from the east and appears even to the west; so also will be the presence of the Son of Man.

    24:28 For* wherever the corpse is, the vultures will be gathered together there.

 

    {Mt 24:27, 24:29-31 & Mk 13:24-37 & Lk 21:25-28 & 2Th 1:7-9 & 1Cor 15:51-15:58 & Rev 1:7 Second Coming.}

    24:29 But immediately after the affliction of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give her radiance, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; 24:30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will grieve, and they will see the Son of Man coming upon the clouds of heaven with power and with much glory. 24:31 And he will send forth his messengers with a loud voice of a trumpet, and they will gather together his chosen from the four winds, from the tip of the heavens to the tip of their four winds.

 

    {Mt 24:32-35 & Mk 13:28-31 & Lk 21:29-33 Destruction of Jerusalem AD 70.}

    24:32 Now learn from the fig tree its parable: whenever its branch has already become tender and its leaves spring forth, you* know that the summer is near; 24:33 so also you*, whenever you* behold all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. 24:34 Assuredly I am saying to you*, This generation may never* pass away, until all these things should happen. 24:35 The heaven and the earth will pass away, but my words may never* pass away.

 

    {Mt 24:36-44 & Mk 13:32-37 & Lk 21:34-36 Second Coming.}

    24:36 But concerning that day and the hour, no one, nor the messengers of the heavens knows, except my Father only. 24:37 But just-as the days of Noah were, so will the presence of the Son of Man also be. 24:38 For* just-as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and being betrothed, till the day that Noah entered into the ark, 24:39 and they did not know until the flood came and took them all away; so the presence of the Son of Man will also be. 24:40 Then two men will be in the field; the one is taken and the one is left. 24:41 Two women will be grinding in the mill-house; the one is taken and the one is left. 24:42 Therefore watch, because you* do not know in what hour your* Lord is coming. 24:43 But know this, that if the master of the house knew in what watch the thief is coming, he would have watched and would have not permitted his house roof to be burrowed through. 24:44 Because of this, you* also become prepared, because in an hour you* do not think, the Son of Man is coming.

 

    {Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 21:37.} {Mt 25:1-46 Mountain of Olives, Tues.}

    24:45 Who then is the faithful and prudent bondservant, whom his lord has designated over his bondservants, to give them their nourishment in season? 24:46 That bondservant is fortunate, whom when* his lord comes, he will find him doing so. 24:47 Assuredly I am saying to you*, that he will designate him over all his possessions. 24:48 But if that evil bondservant says in his heart, My lord is delaying to come; 24:49 and may begin to beat his fellow bondservants and to eat and drink with the drunken; 24:50 the lord of that bondservant will come in a day in which he is not expecting him, and in an hour which he does not know, 24:51 and will flog him, and place his part with the hypocrites– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there.

 

[Matthew 25] TOC

 

    25:1 Then the kingdom of the heavens will be similar to ten virgins, who took their lamps and went forth to the encounter of the bridegroom. 25:2 Now five out of them were prudent and five were foolish. 25:3 Those who were foolish, having taken their lamps, took no oil with them; 25:4 but the prudent took oil in their containers with their lamps. 25:5 Now the bridegroom while he was delaying, they all slumbered and were sleeping. 25:6 But in the middle of the night, there has become an outcry, Behold, the bridegroom is coming! Go forth to the encounter of him. 25:7 Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. 25:8 Now the foolish said to the prudent, Give us some oil from your* oil, because our lamps are quenched. 25:9 But the prudent answered, saying, No, lest it might not be enough for us and you* too, but rather, travel to those who sell and buy for yourselves. 25:10 But when* they are going away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were prepared entered with him to the marriage feast, and the door was locked. 25:11 Later the rest of the virgins also came, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. 25:12 But he answered and said, Assuredly I am saying to you*, I do not know you*. 25:13 Therefore watch, because you* do not know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.

 

    25:14 For* it is just-like a man, going abroad, who called his own bondservants and gave to them his possessions. 25:15 And to one he gave five silver talants {5 x $1 million}, but to another two, and to another one; to each according to his own ability, and immediately went abroad. 25:16 Now he who received the five talants traveled, and took them and worked with* them, and made* another five talants. 25:17 Likewise*, he who also received the two also gained another two. 25:18 But he who received the one, having gone away, shoveled in the soil and hid his lord’s silver. 25:19 Now after a long time, the lord of those bondservants comes back, and settles the account with them. 25:20 And he who received the five talants came and brought the other five talants, saying, Lord, You gave to me five talants. Behold, I have gained in addition to them, another five talants.

    25:21 But his lord said to him, Well done, good and faithful bondservant. You were over a few things, I will designate you over many things; enter into the joy of your lord.

    25:22 Now he who also received the two talants came and said, Lord, You gave to me two talants. Behold, I have gained in addition to them, another two talants.

    25:23 His lord said to him, Well done, good and faithful bondservant. You were faithful over a few things, I will designate you over many things; enter into the joy of your lord.

    25:24 Now he who also had received the one talant came and said, Lord, I knew you, that you are a harsh man, reaping where you did not sow and gathering from where you did not scatter; 25:25 and I was afraid and went away and hid your talant in the soil. Behold, you have your own.

    25:26 But his lord answered and said to him, You evil and lazy bondservant, you knew that I reap where I did not sow and gather from where I did not scatter? 25:27 Therefore, you ought to have put my silver with the bankers, and at my coming, I might get back my own together with interest. 25:28 Therefore, take away the talant from him and give it to him who has the ten talants. 25:29 For* to everyone who has will be given more, and he will abound, but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 25:30 And cast out the useless bondservant into the outer darkness– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there.

    25:31 But whenever the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the holy messengers with him. Then he will sit upon the throne of his glory; 25:32 and all the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate* them one from another, like the shepherd separates* the sheep from the goats; 25:33 and he will indeed stand the sheep at his right, but the goats at the left. 25:34 Then the King will say to those at his right, Come-here, those who have been blessed from my Father, inherit the kingdom which has been prepared for you* from the conception of the world: 25:35 for* I was hungry and you* gave me food to eat; I was thirsty and you* gave me a drink; I was a stranger and you* brought* me in; 25:36 I was naked and you* dressed me; I was sick and you* visited me; I was in prison and you* came to me.

    25:37 Then the righteous will answer him, saying, Lord, when did we see you hungry and nourish you? Or thirsty and gave you a drink? 25:38 But when did we see you as a stranger and bring* you in? Or naked and dressed you? 25:39 But when did we see you sick or in prison and came to you?

    25:40 And when* the King answers, he will say to them, Assuredly I am saying to you*, Inasmuch as you* did it to one of these, my brethren, even the least, you* did it to me. 25:41 Then he will also say to them at the left, Go-onward away from me, you* those who have been cursed into the everlasting fire which has been prepared for the Devil and his messengers: 25:42 for* I was hungry and you* did not give me anything to eat; I was thirsty and you* gave me nothing to drink; 25:43 I was a stranger and you* did not bring* me in; naked and you* did not dress me; sick and in prison and you* did not visit me.

    25:44 Then they will also answer, saying, Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty, or as a stranger or naked, or sick or in prison, and did not serve you?

    25:45 Then he will answer them, saying, Assuredly I am saying to you*, Inasmuch as you* did it not to one of these, the least, neither did you* do it to me. 25:46 And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into everlasting life.

 

[Matthew 26] TOC

 

    {Mk 14:1-2 & Mt 26:1-5 & Lk 22:1-2 mountain Olives, Bethany, Jerusalem, Tues. Evening, Wed. for the Jews.}

    26:1 And it happened, when Jesus had completed all these words, he said to his disciples, 26:2 You* know that after two days the Passover happens and the Son of Man is given up, *that* he might be crucified.

    26:3 Then the high-priests and the scribes and the elders of the people were gathered together to the courtyard of the high-priest, who was called* Caiaphas; 26:4 and they counseled together that* they might take-hold of Jesus with treachery, and might kill him. 26:5 But they were saying, Not at the feast, in order that an uproar among the people might not happen.

 

    {Mk 14:3-9 & Mt 26:6-13.}

    26:6 Now when* Jesus happened to be in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, 26:7 a woman came to him, having an alabaster flask of precious perfume, and she poured it upon his head when he was reclining at the table. 26:8 But when* his disciples saw it, they were indignant, saying, To what purpose is this waste? 26:9 For* this perfume might have been sold* for much and given to the poor.

    26:10 But Jesus knowing it, said to them, Why are you* harassing the woman? For* she has worked a good work *for me. 26:11 For* you* always have the poor with you*, but you* do not always have me. 26:12 For* in that she put this perfume upon my body, she did it for my burial. 26:13 Assuredly I am saying to you*, Wherever this good-news is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of *for a memorial of her.

 

    {Mk 14:10-11 & Mt 26:14-16 & Lk 22:3-6 & Jn 12:2-8.}

    26:14 Then one of the twelve, who was called* Judas Iscariot, traveled to the high-priests 26:15 and said, What are you* willing to give me and I will give him to you*? Now they weighed out thirty pieces of silver for him. 26:16 And he was seeking an opportunity from then onward that* he might give him to them.

 

    {Mk 14:12-17 & Mt 26:17-20 & Lk 22:7-18, 22:24-30 Bethany to Jerusalem Thurs. Evening.}

    26:17 Now on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying to him, Where do you wish that we prepare for you to eat the Passover?

    26:18 Now he said, Go into the city to a certain-person, and say to him, The Teacher says, My time is near. I will make* the Passover with you at your house with my disciples. 26:19 And the disciples did like Jesus commanded them, and they prepared the Passover.

 

    {Mk 14:18-21, 14:27-31 & Mt 26:21-25, 26:31-35 & Lk 22:21-23, 22:31-38 & Jn 13:21-38.}

    26:20 Now when* it became evening, he was reclining at the table with the twelve.

    26:21 And while* they are eating, he said, Assuredly I am saying to you*, that one out of you will give me up.

    26:22 And they were extremely sorrowful, and each of them began to say to him, It is not me Lord, is it?

    26:23 But he answered and said, He who dipped his hand with me in the dish, this one will give me up to the Jews. 26:24 The Son of Man indeed is going, just-as it has been written concerning him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is given up! It was {i.e. would be} good for him if that man had not been born. {Ps 22:1-31?}

    26:25 Now Judas, (who is giving him up to the Jews), answered and said, It is not me, is it Rabbi?

    He says to him, You have said so.

 

    {Mk 14:22-25 & Mt 26:26-29 & Lk 22:19-20, 1Cor: 11:23-26.}

    26:26 Now while* they are eating, Jesus, having taken the bread, and having given-thanks broke it, and was giving it to the disciples and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 26:27 And having taken the cup and given-thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink from it, all of you*; 26:28 for* this is my blood of the new covenant*, which is poured out on behalf of many to obtain the forgiveness of sins. 26:29 But I am saying to you*, I may never* drink from this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day whenever I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.

 

    {Mk 14:26, 14:32-42 & Mt 26:30, 26:36-46 & Lk 22:39-46 & Jn 18:1 Garden between Stream of Kidron and Mountain of Olives, Late Thurs. night.}

    26:30 And having sung a hymn, they went out to the Mountain of Olives.

 

    {See Mt 26:31-35 above.}

    26:31 Then Jesus says to them, All of you* will be offended at me this night; for* it has been written, I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. {Zech. 13:7} 26:32 But after I arise, I will precede you* into Galilee.

    26:33 But Peter answered and said to him, If all will be offended at you; but I will never* be offended.

    26:34 Jesus said to him, Assuredly I am saying to you that this night, before the rooster crows, you will deny me three-times.

    26:35 Peter says to him, Should it also be essential for me to die together with you, I may never* deny you. And all the disciples said likewise.

 

    {See Mt 26:30 above.}

    26:36 Then Jesus comes to a parcel of ground with them, called* Gethsemane, and says to his disciples, Sit over there, until I go over there* and might pray. 26:37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee and began to be sorrowful and disheartened. 26:38 Then he says to them, My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and watch with me.

    26:39 And when* he went a little more, he fell upon his face and prayed, saying, My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me; however, not as I will, but as you will.

    26:40 And he comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping and says to Peter, What, were you* not strong-enough to watch with me one hour? 26:41 Watch and pray, that* you* may not enter into temptation. The spirit is indeed eager, but the flesh is weak.

    26:42 Having gone away again a second-time, he prayed, saying, My Father, if this cup is not able to pass from me, if I do not drink it– let your will happen.

    26:43 And he came again and finds them sleeping, for* their eyes were heavy. 26:44 And he left them again and went away and prayed a third-time, saying again the same words.

    26:45 Then he comes to his disciples and says to them, Furthermore, are you* sleeping and resting yourselves? Behold, the hour has drawn near, and the Son of Man is given up into the hands of sinners. 26:46 Arise, we should be going. Behold, he who is giving me up to the Jews has drawn near.

    {Mk 14:43-52 & Mt 26:47-56 & Lk 22:47-53 & Jn 18:2-11 Gethsemane, Friday a few hours before dawn.}

    26:47 And while* he is still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came and with him a large crowd with swords and clubs, from the high-priest and elders of the people. 26:48 Now he who is giving him up, gave them a sign, saying, Whomever I kiss; that is him; take-hold of him. 26:49 And immediately he came to Jesus and said, Hail, Rabbi. And he kissed him.

    26:50 But Jesus said to him, Comrade, *for what purpose are you here? Then they came and put hands upon Jesus and took-hold of him. 26:51 And behold, one of those who was with Jesus stretched out his hand and pulled his sword, and struck the bondservant of the high-priest, and took off his ear.

    26:52 Then Jesus says to him, Return your sword into its place; for* all those who take up the sword will perish with* the sword. 26:53 Or do you think that I am not able now to plead with my Father and he will not stand beside me with more than twelve legions of messengers? 26:54 Then* how might the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it is essential to happen as thus?

    26:55 Jesus said to the crowds in that hour, Why have you* come out with swords and clubs, like against a robber, to take me? I was sitting daily with you* in the temple, teaching, and you* did not take-hold of me. 26:56 But this whole thing has happened, in order that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples left him and fled.

 

    {Mk 14:53 & Mt 26:57 & Lk 22:54a & Jn 18:24 Palace of Caiaphas, before dawn.}

    26:57 Now those who had taken-hold of Jesus led him away to the house of Caiaphas the high-priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together.

 

    {Mk 14:54 & Mt 26:58 & Lk 22:54b-62 & Jn 18:15-18 Courtyard of High Priest’s residence, Friday around dawn.}

    26:58 But Peter was following him from afar to the courtyard of the high-priest, and entered inside, and was sitting with the attendants, to see the end.

 

    {Mk 14:55-65 & Mt 26:59-68 & Lk 22:63-65.}

    26:59 Now the high-priests and the elders and the whole council were seeking false testimony against Jesus, how they might slay him; 26:60 and they did not find any, even though many false witnesses came. Still, they did not find any. 26:61 But later, two false witnesses came and were saying, This one said, I am able to tear-down the temple of God and to build it again in three days.

    26:62 And the high-priest, having stood up, said to him, Are you answering nothing? What are these witnesses testifying against you? 26:63 But Jesus was silent. And the high-priest answered and said to him, I implore you by oath to the living God, that* you should tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God?

    26:64 Jesus said to him, You have said so, but I am saying to you*, From now on you* will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power, and coming upon the clouds of heaven.

    26:65 Then the high-priest ripped his garments, saying, He has blasphemed. Why do we still have need of witnesses? Behold, now you* have heard his blasphemy. 26:66 What are you* thinking?

    They answered and said, He is liable for death. 26:67 Then they spat at his face and battered him, and some slapped him, 26:68 saying, Prophesy to us, you Christ. Who is he who struck you?

 

    {Mk 14:66-72 & Mt 26:69-75 & Lk 22:55-62 & Jn 18:25-27.}

    26:69 Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and a maidservant came to him, saying, You were also with Jesus the Galilean.

    26:70 But he denied it before them all, saying, I do not know what you are saying.

    26:71 Now having gone out into the gate area, another one saw him, and says to those who were there, This one was also with Jesus the Nazarene.

    26:72 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.

    26:73 Now after a little while, those who are standing by, came and said to Peter, You truly also are one out of them; for* even your speech makes* it evident.

    26:74 Then he began to curse and to swear, I do not know the man. Now immediately, the rooster crowed. 26:75 And Peter remembered the declaration which Jesus had said to him, Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three-times. And he went outside and wept bitterly.

 

[Matthew 27] TOC

 

    {Mk 15:1 & Mt 27:1-2 Lk 22:66-23:1 Jn 18:28a Jerusalem early Friday morning.}

    27:1 Now when* it became morning, all the high-priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus so-that they might slay him; 27:2 and they bound him and led him away and gave him to Pontius Pilate the governor.

 

    {Mt 27:3-10 & Acts 1:18-19 Friday morning and toward the future.}

    27:3 Then Judas, (the one giving him up), when* he saw that he was condemned, regretted and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the high-priests and the elders, 27:4 saying, I have sinned, giving up innocent blood.

    But they said, What is that to us? You will see to it. 27:5 And tossing the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed. And having gone away, he hanged himself.

    27:6 Now the high-priests took the pieces of silver and said, It is not legal to put them into the depository, since it is the price of blood. 27:7 Now they took counsel and bought from them the potter’s field, *for the burial of strangers. 27:8 Hence that field was called, The Field of Blood, until today. 27:9 Then what was spoken through the prophet was fulfilled, saying, ‘And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him who has been priced, whom some of the sons of Israel priced for themselves; 27:10 and they gave them *for the potter’s field, just-as the Lord commanded me.’ {Jer. 32:6-9}

 

    {Mk 15:2-5 & Mt 27:11-14 & Lk 23:2-5 & Jn 18:28b-38 Jerusalem early Friday morning.}

    27:11 Now Jesus stood before the governor and the governor asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews?

    Now Jesus said to him, You speak it correctly. 27:12 And while* he was accused by the high-priests and the elders, he answered nothing.

    27:13 Then Pilate says to him, Do you not hear how many things they are testifying against you? 27:14 And he did not answer him, not even one word; so-that the governor marveled exceedingly.

 

    {Mk 15:6-19 & Mt 27:15-30 & Jn 18:39-19:16 Friday, April 7, 30AD.}

    27:15 Now the governor had been accustomed at the feast to release one prisoner to the crowd, whom they willed. 27:16 Now then they were holding a notable prisoner called Barabbas. 27:17 Therefore, having been gathered together, Pilate said to them, Whom do you* wish that I may release to you*? Barabbas or Jesus who is called* Christ? 27:18 For* he knew that they had given him up because of envy.

    27:19 Now while sitting upon the judicial-seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Have nothing between you and that righteous man; for* I have suffered many things today in a dream because of him.

    27:20 Now the high-priests and the elders persuaded the crowds that* they should ask for Barabbas and might destroy Jesus. 27:21 But the governor answered and said to them, Whom from the two do you* will that I may release to you*?

    But they said, Barabbas!

    27:22 Pilate says to them, Then* what should I do to Jesus who is called* Christ?

    They all say to him, Let him be crucified!

    27:23 But the governor said, For* what evil has he done?

    But they were crying out even-more, saying, Let him be crucified!

    27:24 Pilate seeing he profited nothing, but rather that an uproar is happening, took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous man; you* see to it.

    27:25 And all the people answered and said, His blood be upon us and upon our children.

    27:26 Then he released to them Barabbas, but he scourged Jesus and gave him up in order that he should be crucified.

 

    27:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the palace and gathered together the whole cohort {600 soldiers} to him. 27:28 And they stripped him and placed a scarlet cloak around him. 27:29 And they braided a crown from thorns and placed it upon his head and a reed upon his right hand, and they knelt down before him and were mocking him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 27:30 And having spit at him, they took the reed and were beating him in the head.

    {Mk 15:20-23 & Mt 27:31-34 & Lk 23:26-33 & Jn 19:17 Road to the Cross, Friday morning.}

    27:31 And when they had mocked him, they stripped the cloak off him and clothed him with his own garments and led him away, *that* they may crucify him.

 

    27:32 Now while going out, they found a man from Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled him to go with them, that* he might lift up his cross.

 

    27:33 And they came to a place called* Golgotha, which is to say, the place of a skull, 27:34 they gave him vinegar to drink, having been mixed with gall and having tasted it, he was not willing to drink it.

 

    {Mk 15:24-32 & Mt 27:35-44 & Lk 23:33-43 & Jn 19:18-27 9:00 until Noon, Friday.}

    27:35 Now having crucified him, ‘they divided his garments among them, casting a lot'; {T} in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which says, ‘They divided my garments among them and they cast a lot for my garment.’ {Psa 22.18} 27:36 And sitting down, they were guarding him there. 27:37 And they placed above his head an accusation that had been written, This Is Jesus the King of the Jews. 27:38 Then two robbers are crucified together with him, one at the right and one at the left. 27:39 Now those who traveled by were blaspheming him, wagging their heads, 27:40 and saying, You who said he will tear-down the temple and build it in three days, save yourself. If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.

    27:41 Now likewise, also the high-priests with the scribes and elders and Pharisees, mocking him, and were saying, 27:42 He saved others, but yet he is not able to save himself. If he is the King of Israel; let him now come down from the cross and we will believe in him. 27:43 He has confidence in God. Let him rescue him now, if he is willing to save him; for* he said, I am the Son of God. 27:44 Now the robbers who were also crucified together with him were reproaching him with the same thing.

 

    {Mk 15:34 & Mt 27:45 & Lk 23:44 around Noon.}

    27:45 Now there became darkness upon all the earth from the sixth hour until the ninth hour {i.e. Noon until 3:00 PM}.

 

    {Mk 15:34-41 & Mt 27:46-56 & Lk 23:45-49 & Jn 19:28-30 around 5:00 PM.}

    27:46 Now around the ninth hour {i.e. 3:00 PM} Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ {Psa 22:1}

    27:47 But some of them standing there, when* they heard it, were saying, This one is summoning Elijah. 27:48 And immediately one out of them ran, taking a sponge and filled it with vinegar and placed it around a reed and were giving it to him to drink.

    27:49 But the rest were saying, Allow it, that we may see if Elijah comes; he will save him.

    27:50 Now Jesus, having cried again with a loud voice, his spirit leaves. 27:51 And behold, the curtain of the temple was split-apart into two pieces, from the top to the bottom, and the earth shook, and the rocks were split-apart; 27:52 and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the holy-ones who had fallen-asleep were raised. 27:53 And coming forth out of the tombs after his awakening they entered into the holy city and appeared to many. 27:54 Now the centurion and those guarding Jesus with him, having seen the earthquake and the things that happened, were extremely afraid, saying, This truly was the Son of God. 27:55 Now many women were there viewing from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him: 27:56 among whom was Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Joses and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.

 

    {Mk 15:42-47 & Mt 27:57-66 & Lk 23:50-56 & Jn 19:31-42 Before The Sabbath.}

    27:57 Now when* it became evening, a rich man came from Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also made himself a disciple to Jesus. 27:58 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given up. 27:59 And Joseph took the body and entwined it in a clean linen cloth, 27:60 and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewed out in the rock and he rolled a great stone against the door of the tomb and went away. 27:61 Now Mary the Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting in front of the burial chamber.

 

    27:62 Now on the next-day, which is the day after the Preparation, the high-priests and the Pharisees were gathered together to Pilate, 27:63 saying, Lord, we remember what that misleader said, while still living, I will arise after three days. 27:64 Therefore, command that the burial chamber be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples coming by night, might steal him away and might say to the people, He was raised from the dead and the last deceit will be worse than the first.

    27:65 Pilate said to them, You* have a sentry. Go, make it as secure as you* know how. 27:66 So they traveled and secured the burial chamber, sealing the stone, with the sentry.

 

[Matthew 28] TOC

 

    {Mk 16:1-8 & Mt 28:1-8 & Lk 24:1-8, 12 & Jn 20:1-10 Dawn and very early Sunday.}

    28:1 Now after the Sabbath day, as it was dawning toward the first daylight of the week, Mary the Magdalene came and the other Mary to view the burial chamber. 28:2 And behold, there became a great earthquake; for* a messenger of the Lord, having come down from heaven, came and rolled away the stone from the door and was sitting upon it. 28:3 His form was like lightning and his clothing was white like snow; 28:4 and those who are guarding the door, shook out of fear of him and became like dead men.

    28:5 Now the messenger answered and said to the women, Do not be afraid; for* I know that you* are seeking Jesus, who has been crucified. 28:6 He is not here; for* he was raised, just-as he said. Come-here, behold the place where the Lord was laying. 28:7 And travel quickly and tell his disciples, He was raised from the dead, and behold, he precedes you* into Galilee; you* will see him there. Behold, I have said this to you*.

    28:8 And having gone out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, they ran to report to his disciples.

    {Mk 16:9-11 & Mt 28:9-10 & Lk 24:9-11 & Jn 20:11-18.}

    28:9 Now as they were traveling to also report it to his disciples, behold, Jesus encountered them, saying, Hail! But they came and took-hold of his feet and worshiped him. 28:10 Then Jesus says to them, Do not be afraid. Go; report to my brethren in order that they might go into Galilee and they will see me there.

 

    {Mt 28:11-15 Sunday Morning; no parallel.}

    28:11 Now while traveling, behold, some of the sentries came into the city and reported to the high-priests all the things that had happened. 28:12 And having been gathered together with the elders and having taken counsel, they gave a considerable amount of silver to the soldiers, 28:13 saying, Say: when* we fell-asleep, his disciples came by night and stole him away. 28:14 And if this is heard by the governor, we will persuade him and will make* you* carefree. 28:15 So they took the silver and did like they were taught and this speech was broadcasted among the Jews and is continuing till today.

 

    {Mt 28:16-17 & 1Cor: 15:6 Mountain in Galilee.}

    28:16 But the eleven disciples traveled into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had commanded them. 28:17 And seeing him, they worshiped him, but some were skeptical.

 

    {Mk 16:15-18 & Mt 28:18-20 & Lk 24:46-47 Mountain in Galilee; The Great Commission.}

    28:18 And Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to me in heaven and upon earth.

    28:19 When you* travel, make disciples of all the nations, immersing* them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 28:20 teaching them to observe all things, as many things as I have commanded you*, and behold, I am with you* all the days until the end of the world.

    Amen.

 

Introduction to Mark

 

The book of Mark, more accurately titled “The Gospel Account by Mark,” was written to a Roman audience. The Romans were not interested in lots of extra details, nor were they too concerned about prophecies contained in Jewish writings from hundreds of years earlier (Mark only quotes three Old Testament prophecies). The events in Mark are held by scholars to be in chronological order. Starting from His baptism (immersion), Mark portrays Jesus as a Man constantly on the move for God, with the word “immediately” appearing 42 times in this, the shortest of the Gospel accounts. Percentage-wise, Mark spends more time dealing with the final week of Jesus’ life than any of the other Gospel writers. The final instructions given by Jesus after His resurrection, in this biography, are to “preach the good-news to the whole creation. He who believes and is immersed will be saved, but he who disbelieves will be condemned” (Mark 16:15-16).

 

 

 

 

[Mark 1] TOC

 

   {Harmony of the New Covenant}

   {Lk 1:1-4 Introduction.} {Jn 1:1-18 Jesus’ Deity.}

   {Mt 1:1-17 & Lk 3:23-28 Genealogy.}

   {Lk 1:5-25 Jerusalem 6 BC.} {Lk 1:26-38 Nazareth 5 BC.}

   {Lk 1:39-80 Hill region of Judea, 5 BC.} {Mt 1:18-25 Nazareth 5 BC.} {Lk 2:1-20 Bethlehem 5 BC.}

   {Lk 2:21-39a Temple at Jerusalem 4 BC.} {Mt 2:1-12 Jerusalem & Bethlehem 4 BC.} {Mt 2:13-18 Leaving for Egypt 4 BC.} {Mt 2:19-23 & Lk 2:39b Egypt & Nazareth 4 BC.}

   {Lk 2:40-52 Nazareth and Jerusalem 7 or 8 AD.}

   {Mk 1:1-8 & Mt 3:1-12 & Lk 3:1-18. Judea near Jordan River 25 or 26 AD.}

    1:1 The beginning of the good-news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 1:2 As it has been written in the prophets, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way.’ {Mal 3:1} 1:3 ‘The voice of one crying in the wilderness, prepare the way of the Lord; make* his paths straight.’ {Isa 40:3} 1:4 John came*, immersing* in the wilderness and preaching the immersion* of repentance to obtain the forgiveness of sins. 1:5 And all the region of Judea and all those from Jerusalem were traveling out to him, and all were being immersed* by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. 1:6 Now John was eating locusts and wild honey, having clothed himself with camel’s hair, and a leather belt around his loin.

 

    1:7 And he preached, saying, There is one coming after me, he who is mightier than I. I am not sufficient to stoop and loose the strap of his shoes. 1:8 I indeed immersed* you* in water, but he will immerse* you* in the Holy Spirit.

 

    {Mk 1:9-11 & Mt 3:13-17 Lk 3:21-22 Jordan east of Jericho, Spring 27 AD.}

    1:9 And it happened in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was immersed* by John into the Jordan. 1:10 And immediately coming up from the water, he saw the heavens being split-apart, and the Spirit like a dove coming down upon him. 1:11 And a voice came* out of the heavens, You are my beloved Son, in whom I am delighted.

 

    {Mk 1:12-13 & Mt 4:1-11 & Lk 4:1-13.}

    1:12 And immediately the Spirit cast him out into the wilderness. 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the Adversary, and he was with the beasts, and the messengers were serving him.

 

    {Jn 1:19-34 Bethany beyond Jordan, Feb. 27 AD.} {Jn 1:35-51 Bethany beyond Jordan, Spring 27 AD.} {Jn 2:1-11 Cana in Galilee.} {Jn 2:12 Capernaum.} {Jn 2:13-25 Jerusalem April 9, 27 AD.} {Jn 3:1-21.} {Jn 3:22-36 Judea and Aenon.}

 

    {Mk 1:14a & Mt 4:12 & Lk 3:19-20 & Jn 4:1-4 Judea to Galilee.}{Jn 4:5-43 Jacob’s Well and at Sychar.} {Lk 4:14a & Jn 4:44-45 Arrival in Galilee.}

    1:14 Now after John was given up,

    {Mk 1:14b-15 & Mt 4:17 & Lk 4:14b-15.}

    Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the good-news of the kingdom of God, 1:15 and saying, The time has been fulfilled and the kingdom of God has drawn near. Repent and believe in the good-news.

 

    {Jn 4:46-54 Cana.} {Lk 4:16-31.} {Mt 4:13-16 Capernaum.}

    {Mk 1:16-20 & Mt 4:18-22 & Lk 5:1-11 Sea of Galilee near Capernaum.}

    1:16 Now walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother, who are Simon’s sons, casting a net in the sea; for* they were fishermen. 1:17 And Jesus said to them, Come-here after me and I will make* you* to become fishermen of men. 1:18 And immediately they left their nets and followed him. 1:19 And having advanced a few feet from there, he saw James and John his brother, the sons of Zebedee, and they were in the ship mending the nets. 1:20 And immediately he called them. And they left their father Zebedee with the hired-servants in the ship and went after him.

 

    {Mk 1:21-28 & Lk 4:31-37 Capernaum.}

    1:21 And they travel into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath day he entered into the synagogue and was teaching. 1:22 And they were being astounded at his teaching; for* he was teaching them like one having authority and not like the scribes.

    1:23 And a man was in their synagogue in him was an unclean spirit, and he cried out, 1:24 saying, Ah! What is it to us and to you, Jesus the Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know you, I know who you are, the Holy One of God.

    1:25 And Jesus rebuked it, saying, Hush and come out of him.

    1:26 And the unclean spirit came out of him, convulsing him and crying with a loud voice. 1:27 And they were all amazed, so-that they began to debate together with themselves, saying, What is this? What new teaching is this that he commands even the unclean spirits with authority, and they are obeying* him.

    1:28 Now the report of him went out immediately, into the whole region around Galilee.

 

    {Mk 1:29-34 & Mt 8:14-17 & Lk 4:38-41 Capernaum.}

    1:29 And immediately, having come out of the synagogue, they came into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 1:30 Now Simon’s mother-in-law was laying, fevered, and immediately they speak to him concerning her. 1:31 And having come near, he took-hold of her by the hand and lifted her up, and immediately the fever left her and she was serving them.

 

    1:32 Now when* it became evening, when the sun set, they were bringing to him all who were ill and those who were demon-possessed. 1:33 And the whole city was gathered together next to the door. 1:34 And he healed many who were ill with various diseases, and cast out many demons, and he was not allowing the demons to speak, because they knew him.

 

    {Mk 1:35-39 & Mt 4:23-25 & Lk 4:42-44 Preaching through Galilee.}

    1:35 And exceedingly early, having risen* up in the morning, while yet at night, he came out and went away into a desolate place, and he was praying there. 1:36 And Simon, and those who were with him, pursued him; 1:37 and having found him, they say to him, All are seeking you.

 

    1:38 And he says to them, We should be going into the next towns, that* I might also preach there; for* I have come *for this purpose. 1:39 And he was preaching and casting out demons in their synagogues in the whole of Galilee.

 

    {Mk 1:40-45 & Mt 8:2-4 & Lk 5:12-16.}

    1:40 And a leper comes to him, pleading to him, and kneeling down to him and saying to him, If you are willing, you are able to cleanse me.

    1:41 Now Jesus, having compassion on him, stretched out his hand, touched him and says to him, I am willing. Be cleansed. 1:42 And having spoken, the leprosy immediately went away from him and he was cleansed. 1:43 And he scolded him and immediately sent him out, 1:44 and says to him, See that you say nothing to anyone, but go; show yourself to the priest, and offer the things which Moses commanded concerning your cleansing *for a testimony to them. {Lev. 13:49, 14:2-4} 1:45 But he went out and began to preach it much, and to broadcast the word, so-that he {i.e. Jesus} was no longer able to openly enter into the city, but was outside in desolate places, and they were coming to him from everywhere.

 

[Mark 2] TOC

 

    {Mk 2:1-12 & Mt 9:2-8 & Lk 5:17-26.}

    2:1 And he again entered into Capernaum after a few days, and it was heard that he was in a house. 2:2 And immediately many were gathered together, so-that it was no longer possible to make room, not even next to the door, and he was speaking the word to them.

    2:3 And they come, carrying to him a paralytic, lifted up by four men. 2:4 And when* they were not able to draw near to him because of the crowd, they unroofed the roof where he was. And having dug out a hole in it, they lowered the pallet upon which the paralytic was laying. 2:5 Now Jesus saw their faith and says to the paralytic, Son, your sins have been forgiven you.

    2:6 But some of the scribes were sitting there and reasoning in their hearts, 2:7 Why is this man speaking blasphemies so? Who is able to forgive sins except one, our God?

    2:8 And immediately Jesus, having fully known in his spirit that they reason so in themselves, said to them, Why are you* reasoning these things in your* hearts? 2:9 Which is easier to say to the paralytic, Your sins have been forgiven you; or to say, Arise, and lift up your pallet and walk? 2:10 But that* you* may know that the Son of Man has authority upon the earth to forgive sins (he says to the paralytic), 2:11 I say to you, Arise and lift up your pallet and go to your house.

    2:12 And he immediately arose, and having lifted up the pallet, went out in front of them all; so-that they were all astonished and glorified God, saying, We never* saw this happen so.

 

    {Mk 2:13-14 & Mt 9:9 & Lk 5:27-28 At or near Capernaum.}

    2:13 And he went forth again by the sea, and all the crowd was coming to him and he was teaching them. 2:14 And passing by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax-office, and he says to him, Follow me. And he stood up and followed him.

 

    {Mk 2:15-22 & Mt 9:10-17 & Lk 5:29-39 Capernaum.}

    2:15 And it happened, while* he reclined at a meal in his house, many tax collectors and sinners were also reclining together with Jesus and his disciples; for* there were many, and they followed him. 2:16 And the scribes and the Pharisees, having seen him eating with the tax collectors and sinners, were saying to his disciples, Why is it that he is eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners?

    2:17 And when* Jesus heard it, he says to them, Those who are strong have no need of a physician, but those who are ill. I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

 

    2:18 And the disciples of John, and those of the Pharisees, were fasting, and they come and say to him, Why do the disciples of John and those of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?

    2:19 And Jesus said to them, The sons of the bridal-party {companions or guests} are not able to fast at which time the bridegroom is with them, are they? Inasmuch time as they have the bridegroom with them, they are not able to fast. 2:20 But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them and then they will fast in those days. 2:21 And no one sews a patch of unshrunk fabric upon an old garment; otherwise its fullness shrinks and lifts the new patch away from the old one and a worse split happens. 2:22 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wine will burst the wineskins, and the wine is poured out and the wineskins will be destroyed, but put new wine into new wineskins.

 

    {Jn 5:1-47 Jerusalem probably the Passover.} {Mk 2:23-28 & Mt 12:1-8 & Lk 6:1-5 Jerusalem to Galilee.}

    2:23 And he happened to travel on the Sabbath day through the grainfields, and his disciples began to make* their way plucking the tops. 2:24 And the Pharisees were saying to him, Behold, why are they doing what is not legal on the Sabbath day?

    2:25 And he said to them, Have you* never* read what David did, when he had need and was hungry? He, and those who were with him? 2:26 How he entered into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high-priest and ate the showbread, which is not legal to eat, except for the priests, and he also gave it to those who were together with him? {1Sam. 21:6} 2:27 And he said to them, The Sabbath came* to be because of man and not man because of the Sabbath; 2:28 so-then, the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath.

 

[Mark 3] TOC

 

    {Mk 3:1-6 & Mt 12:9-14 & Lk 6:6-11 Probably Galilee.}

    3:1 And he entered again into the synagogue, and a man having a dried up hand was there. 3:2 And they were observing him, if he will heal him on the Sabbath day; in order that they may accuse him. 3:3 And he says to the man having the dried up hand, You in the middle, arise. 3:4 Now he says to them, Is it legal on the Sabbath day to do good or to do evil? To save a life or to kill? But they were silent. 3:5 And having looked around at them with anger, being sorrowful at the hardening of their heart, he says to the man, Stretch out your hand. And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other. 3:6 And the Pharisees went out and immediately were making* a counsel against him with the Herodians, how they might destroy him.

 

    {Mk 3:7-12 & Mt 12:15-21 Sea of Galilee.}

    3:7 And Jesus departed to the sea with his disciples, and a large multitude followed him from Galilee and from Judea, 3:8 and from Jerusalem and from Idumaea, and beyond-that of the Jordan, and those around Tyre and Sidon. This large multitude, having heard how-much he was doing, came to him. 3:9 And he spoke to his disciples, that* a small-boat should wait-on him because of the crowd, that* they might not press against him; 3:10 for* he healed many; so-that as many as had disorders fell upon him, in order that they might touch him. 3:11 And the unclean spirits, whenever they were viewing him, were falling down before him and cried, saying, You are the Son of God. 3:12 And he was rebuking them much, that* they might not make* him apparent.

 

    {Mk 3:13-19a & Lk 6:12-16 Near Capernaum.}

    3:13 And he goes up into the mountain and calls to him whom he wished, and they went to him. 3:14 And he made* the appointment of the twelve, that* they might be with him and that* he might send them forth to preach, 3:15 and to have authority to heal the diseases and to cast out demons. 3:16 And he added the name Peter to Simon; 3:17 and James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James, and those, he added to them the names Boanerges, which is, Sons of Thunder; 3:18 and Andrew and Philip and Bartholomew and Matthew and Thomas and James the son of Alphaeus and Thaddaeus and Simon the Canaanite, 3:19 and Judas Iscariot, who also gave him up to the Jews.

 

    {Mt 5:1 & Lk 6:17-20.} {Mt 5:2-12 & Lk 6:20-26.} {Mt 5:13-16.} {Mt 5:17-48 & Lk 6:27-36.} {Mt 6:1-34.} {Mt 7:1-6 & Lk 6:37-42.} {Mt 7:7-11.} {Mt 7:12 & Lk 6:31.} {Mt 7:13-23 & Lk 6:43-45.} {Mt 7:24-29 & Lk 6:46-49.} {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.} {Lk 7:11-17 At Nain in Galilee.} {Mt 11:2-30 & Lk 7:18-35 Galilee.} {Lk 7:36-50 Galilee.} {Lk 8:1-3 Journeying in Galilee.}

 

    {Mk 3:19b-30 & Mt 12:22-37.}

    And they come into a house. 3:20 And a crowd comes together again, so-that they were not even able to eat bread. 3:21 And when* those close beside him heard it, they went out to take-hold of him; for* they were saying, He is crazy.

    3:22 And the scribes that came down from Jerusalem were saying, He has Beelzebub, and, He is casting out the demons by the ruler of the demons.

    3:23 And having called them, he was speaking to them in parables: How is the Adversary able to cast out the Adversary? 3:24 And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom is not able to stand. 3:25 And if a house is divided against itself, that house is not able to stand. 3:26 And if the Adversary has stood up against himself, and has been divided, he is not able to stand, but has come to an end. 3:27 But no one having entered into the house of the strong man is able to plunder his goods, if he does not first bind the strong man, and then he may plunder his house. 3:28 Assuredly I am saying to you*, All their sins and blasphemes will be forgiven to the sons of men; as many things as they may blaspheme. 3:29 But whoever blasphemies at the Holy Spirit does not have forgiveness, forever, but is liable to an everlasting judgment. 3:30 (Because they were saying, ‘He has an unclean spirit.’)

 

    {Mt 12:38-45.}

    {Mk 3:31-35 & Mt 12:46-50 & Lk 8:19-21.}

    3:31 Then* his brethren and his mother come, and standing outside, they sent to him, summoning him. 3:32 And a crowd was sitting around him, and they said to him, Behold, your mother and your brothers and your sisters are outside seeking you.

    3:33 And he answered them, saying, Who is my mother or my brethren? 3:34 And having looked around in a circle at those who sat around him, he says, Behold, my mother and my brethren! 3:35 For* whoever does the will of God, this one is my brother and sister and mother.

 

[Mark 4] TOC

 

    {Mk 4:1-25 & Mt 13:1-23 & Lk 8:4-18 Sea of Galilee.}

    4:1 And again he began to teach by the sea. And a large crowd was gathered together to him, so-that having stepped onto the ship, he sat in the sea, and all the crowd were next to the sea upon the land.

    4:2 And he was teaching them many things in parables and said to them in his teaching, 4:3 Listen: behold, the sower went forth to sow, 4:4 and it happened, while* he was sowing, some seed fell by the road and the birds came and devoured it. 4:5 But other seed fell upon the rocky-area, where it did not have much earth, and immediately it rose up, because it had no depth of earth; 4:6 now when* the sun rose, it was burnt, and it dried up because it had no root. 4:7 And other seed fell among the thorns, and the thorns shot up and choked it, and it gave no fruit. 4:8 And other seed fell into the good soil and it was giving fruit, shooting up and growing, and it was bringing forth by thirty times, and by sixty times, and by a hundred times as much. 4:9 And he said, He who has ears to hear, let him hear.

 

    4:10 And when he happened to be alone, those who were around him together with the twelve, asked about the parable. 4:11 And he said to them, You* have been given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things happen in parables; 4:12 that* seeing, they may see and yet may not know, and hearing, they may hear and yet may not understand; lest they should turn again and their sins might be forgiven them.

    4:13 And he says to them, Do you* not know this parable? And how will you* know all the parables? 4:14 The sower is sowing the word. 4:15 Now these are those by the road, where the word is sown, and whenever they hear, immediately the Adversary comes and takes away the word which has been sown in their hearts.

    4:16 And likewise, these are those who are sown upon the rocky-areas, who, whenever they hear the word, they immediately receive it with joy; 4:17 and they have no root in themselves, but are temporary. Thereafter, when* affliction or persecution has happened to them because of the word, immediately they stumble.

    4:18 And these are those who are sown among the thorns; these are those who hear the word, 4:19 and the anxieties of this world, and the deception of riches, and the lusts concerning all the rest of the worldly things travel into their hearts, are choking the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

    4:20 And these are those who were sown upon the good soil; who hear the word and accept it, and bear-fruit, by thirty times and by sixty times and by a hundred times.

 

    4:21 And he said to them, Do you come with a lamp that* it might be placed under a peck container or under the bed? No, you bring it that* it might be placed upon the lamp-stand. 4:22 For* there is not anything hidden, that it should not be made manifest, nor has anything secret happened, but that* it should come into apparent view. 4:23 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.

    4:24 And he said to them, Beware what you* are hearing; in what measure you* measure, it will be measured to you*, and to you* who hear, more will be added. 4:25 For* whoever has, to him will be given, and he who does not have, then what he has will be taken from him.

 

    {Mk 4:26-29; no parallel.}

    4:26 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man cast seed upon the earth; 4:27 and he should sleep and should arise night and day, and the seed may sprout and should lengthen, he does not know how. 4:28 For* the earth is bearing-fruit by herself; first the blade, thereafter the top, then the full grain in the top. 4:29 But whenever the fruit is giving way, immediately he sends forth the sickle, because the harvest is standing ready.

 

    {Mt 13:24-30.}

    {Mk 4:30-34 & Mt 13:31-35.}

    4:30 And he said, To what may be similar to the kingdom of God? Or in what parable may we put it in comparison? 4:31 It is like a kernel of a mustard-seed, which, whenever it is sown upon the earth, though it is least compared to all the seeds that are upon the earth, 4:32 yet whenever it has been sown, it shoots up and becomes greater than all the herbs and produces great branches; so-that the birds of the heaven are able to nest under its shadow.

 

    4:33 And he was speaking the word to them with many such parables, as they were able to hear it. 4:34 But he was not speaking to them without a parable, but privately he was interpreting all things for his disciples.

 

    {Mt 13:36-53.}

    {Mk 4:35-41 & Mt:8:18-27 & Lk 8:22-25 Sea of Galilee.}

    4:35 And in that day, when* it became evening, he says to them, We should go through to the area beyond-that. 4:36 And having left the crowd, they take him with them, as he was in the ship. But also other small-boats were with him. 4:37 And there becomes a great gale of wind, and the waves were putting water into the ship, so-that the ship now was being filled with water. 4:38 And he himself was upon the stern, sleeping upon the cushion, and they arouse him from his sleep and say to him, Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing?

    4:39 And he was aroused and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, Be silent. Hush. And the wind paused and there became a great calm. 4:40 And he said to them, Why are you* so cowardly? How do you* not have faith?

    4:41 And they feared with a great fear, and were saying to one another, Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea are obeying* him?

 

[Mark 5] TOC

 

    {Mk 5:1-21 & Mt 8:28-34 & Lk 8:26-40 Gergesa.}

    5:1 And they came to the area of the sea beyond-that, into the region of the Gadarenes. 5:2 And having come out of the ship, immediately a man encountered him out of the tombs in him was an unclean spirit, 5:3 who had his dwelling in the tombs, and no one was able to bind him, not even with chains. 5:4 Because of that, he had been bound often with shackles and chains, and the chains had been torn to shreds by him and the shackles had been crushed, and no one was strong-enough to tame him. 5:5 And he was always crying out and cutting himself with stones, night and day, in the mountains and in the tombs.

 

    5:6 Now when* he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and worshiped him; 5:7 and crying out with a loud voice, he said, What is this thing with me and with you, Jesus, Son of the Highest God? I am imploring you by God, do not torment me.

    5:8 For* he said to him, Come out of the man, you unclean spirit. 5:9 And he asked him, What is your name?

    And he answered, saying, My name is Legion, because we are many. 5:10 And he was pleading with him much that* he might not send them away outside the region. 5:11 Now a great herd of swine was feeding there before the mountain. 5:12 And all the demons pleaded with him, saying, Send us into the swine, that* we may enter into them. 5:13 And Jesus immediately permitted them. And the unclean spirits came out, and entered into the swine and the herd rushed down the cliff into the sea. Now they were approximately two thousand, and they were choking in the sea.

    5:14 Now those feeding the swine fled and reported it to the city and to the rural-area. And they came out to see what it was that has happened. 5:15 And they come to Jesus and were viewing he who was demon-possessed and had the legion, sitting and he had his garments on and was sensible, and they were afraid. 5:16 But those who saw it described to them how it happened to he who was demon-possessed and concerning the swine. 5:17 And they began to plead with him to go away from their borders.

 

    5:18 And when* he stepped into the ship, he who had been demon-possessed was pleading with him that* he might be with him. 5:19 But Jesus did not allow him, but says to him, Go to your house, to your own and report to them how-much the Lord has done for you and how he showed-mercy on you. 5:20 And he traveled and began to preach in Decapolis how-much Jesus had done for him and all were marveling.

 

    5:21 And when* Jesus had ferried over again in the ship to the area beyond-that, a large crowd was gathered to him, and he was by the sea.

 

    {Mk 5:22-43 & Mt 9:18-26 & Lk 8:41-56 Capernaum.}

    5:22 And behold one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name, comes and seeing him, he falls at his feet; 5:23 and was pleading with him much, saying, My young-daughter is holding on her last moments. I pray that* you come and might lay your hands on her, *that she may be cured and will live. 5:24 And he went with him.

 

    And a large crowd was following him and they were pressing against him. 5:25 And a certain woman, being in her a flowing of blood for twelve years, 5:26 and had suffered many things under many physicians and had spent all that she had and was profited nothing, but rather having come to be worse. 5:27 Having heard concerning Jesus, she came in the crowd behind and touched his garment. 5:28 For* she was saying, Even if I touch but his garments, I will be cured. 5:29 And immediately the spring of her blood was dried up, and she knew that she had been healed from the disorder in her body. 5:30 And immediately Jesus, fully knowing in himself that the power had gone forth from him and having turned around in the crowd, said, Who touched my garments?

    5:31 And his disciples were saying to him, You see the crowd pressing against you and you say, Who touched me? 5:32 And he was looking around to see her who had done this thing. 5:33 But the woman fearing and trembling, knowing what has happened upon her, came and fell down before him and spoke all the truth to him.

    5:34 And he said to her, Daughter, your faith has cured you; go in peace and be healthy from your disorder.

 

    5:35 While* he is still speaking, they come from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying, Your daughter is dead. Why are you still bothering the Teacher?

    5:36 But Jesus immediately having heard the word being spoken, says to the ruler of the synagogue, Do not fear, only believe. 5:37 And he allowed no one to follow him, except Peter and James and John the brother of James. 5:38 And he comes to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and he views an uproar, many weeping and wailing. 5:39 And having entered in, he says to them, Why are you* in an uproar and weeping? The child is not dead, but is sleeping. 5:40 And they were laughing at him. But having cast them all out, he takes the father of the child and her mother and those with him and he went-onward into where the child was reclining. 5:41 And taking-hold of the child by the hand, he says to her, Talitha kumi; which is, after being translated, Girl, I say to you, Arise. 5:42 And immediately the girl rose* up and was walking; for* she was twelve years old. And they were astonished with a great astonishment. 5:43 And he ordered them much that* no one should know this and he said that something should be given to her to eat.

 

[Mark 6] TOC

 

    {Mt 9:27-34 Probably Capernaum.}

    {Mk 6:1-6a & Mt 13:54-58 Nazareth.}

    6:1 And he went out from there, and he came into his fatherland, and his disciples follow him. 6:2 And when* it became the Sabbath, he began to teach in the synagogue. And many hearing him were being astounded, saying, From where did this one receive these things? And what is the wisdom which has been given to this man? And how are such miracles happening through his hands? 6:3 Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Jude and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? And they were being offended at him.

    6:4 But Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without honor, except in his fatherland and among his own relatives and in his own house. 6:5 And he was not able to do any miracle there, except that he laid his hands upon a few who were sick and healed them. 6:6 And he was marveling because of their unbelief.

 

    {Mk 6:6b-13 & Mt 9:35-10:42 & Lk 9:1-6 Third circuit of Galilee.}

    And he was going around the villages in a circle, teaching.

    6:7 And he calls to him the twelve and began to send them out two by two, and he was giving them authority over the unclean spirits; 6:8 and he commanded them that* they should take nothing *for the journey, except only a staff; no knapsack, no bread, no brass coins in the belt; 6:9 but only tied on sandals, also do not clothe yourselves with two tunics. 6:10 And he said to them, Wherever you* enter into a house, abide there until you* should go from there. 6:11 And as many as may not accept you*, nor may not hear you*, while traveling out from there, shake-off the dust which is underneath your* feet *for a testimony to them. Assuredly, I am saying to you*, It will be more tolerable for Sodom or Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city. 6:12 And they, the twelve, went out and were preaching that* they all should repent. 6:13 And they were casting out many demons and anointing many with oil who were sick and healing them.

 

    {Mk 6:14-29 & Mt 14:1-12 & Lk 9:7-9.}

    6:14 And King Herod heard of this; for* his name had become apparent and he said, John the Immerser* was raised from the dead and because of this, these powers are working in him.

    6:15 Others were saying, It is Elijah.

    But others were saying, It is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.

    6:16 But when* he heard of it, Herod said, John, whom I beheaded, it is he, he was raised from the dead.

 

    6:17 For* Herod himself had sent forth and took-hold of John and bound him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, because he had married her. 6:18 For* John said to Herod, ‘It is not legal for you to have your brother’s wife.’ 6:19 But Herodias was holding it against him. And she was willing to kill him and was not able; 6:20 for* Herod feared John, knowing him to be a righteous and holy man, and was protecting him. And having heard him, he was doing many things, and was gladly hearing him, often.

    6:21 And when* it happened to be an opportune day, along with his birthday, when Herod made* a supper to his great-men and the commanders, and the foremost