This is something that is often misunderstood by the “casual”
reader of the Bible. However, Roy Deaver wrote a great section in a book
on this matter. This section of the article is where we will answer
the question “What is inference?” He [Roy Deaver] makes this statement
in the book,
“Brethren often speak of “inference,” but “inference” relates to “implication.” Inference deals with correct reasoning, but correct reasoning (in this context) with regards to what God has implied. Everything the bible teaches it teaches either explicitly or implicitly. And, that which it teaches implicitly is just as true, just as binding, just as authoritative, as is that which it teaches explicitly.”
“The truth is, it is the logical effort to know the facts in the case, and to ascertain the facts from phenomena. Certain things seem to have been done; were they done or not? May require the best effort of the mind to determine. This is done by associating the whole number of things which are known, and reaching conclusions, in a logical way, as to what else was done or said at the time, or in connection therewith.” (D.R. Dungan, Hermeneutics, pg. 91).
“Any inference is the drawing of a conclusion from one or more premises.”
“If we read in the book of Joshua that the conquering army did to certain kings just what they did to the king of Jericho, and we learn that they hanged those kings, though nothing be said about what they did to the king of Jericho at the time they took that city, yet we infer that they hanged him. We have the necessary premises, and can not reach any other conclusion.” (D.R. Dungan, Hermeneutics, pg. 92).
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