INTRODUCTION: THREE GREAT SECTS OF THE JEWS AROSE DURING THE INTERTESTAMENT PERIOD.
A. PhariseesTHERE WERE OTHER GROUPS THAT TENDED TO BE MORE POLITICAL THAN RELIGIOUS.
A. Zealots extreme nationalistsBODY1. Simon the Zealot (Luke 6:15)B. Herodians-supported Herod and the Idumaean dynasty.
I. THE ESSENES
A. Their way of life and moral code.II. THE PHARISEES1. Was given their name because of their saintliness.B. Public role in Society.
A. Beginning rootsIII. THE SADDUCEES1. From the Nehemiah and Ezra the idea of separation became a dominant factor.B. Character of Phariseeisma. Separation developed-but became mostly flesh and blood.2. A group soon developed that opposed everything foreign-even if it might right.1. Tended to elevate the mass of accumulated tradition up to the level of the written word.C. Role in national life.a. Wouldn't eat anything that was not tithed.2. Believed in the resurrection of the dead, human probation, and the future judgment..
A. Beginning roots.Conclusion: These groups, especially the Sadducees and Pharisees despised each other. Their fighting eventually cost the nation it's existence. Indeed the only thing the Sadducees and Pharisees could agree on during the period was the need to execute the lord. But in their course they unwittingly prepared the way for the lord of glory and the establishment of his church.1. Developed from the Greek era when there arose a group of national leaders who favored compromise and a "get along" attitude with their enemies.B. Their beliefs and character.
Copyright 1999 by Grady
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