(MATT CH. 5) – Part 1


Matthew chapter five starts the famous sermon by Jesus Christ known as “The Sermon on the Mount”.  In this study of this sermon which will be in three parts, Matthew chapters 5-7, we will look at the many great lessons included.


Verses 1-2

In the first two verses we are told that Christ saw the multitudes and then went on to the mount and taught.  We can learn from Christ, as did the apostles when they too took advantage of multitudes.  They knew that an audience meant people might hear.

Christ teaching multitudes:

KJV Matthew 9:8
8.  But when the multitudes saw it, they marvelled, and glorified God, which had given such power unto men.

KJV Matthew 9:33
 33.  And when the devil was cast out, the dumb spake: and the multitudes marvelled, saying, It was never so seen in Israel.

KJV Matthew 9:36
36.  But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

KJV Matthew 11:7
 7.  And as they departed, Jesus began to say unto the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind?

KJV Matthew 12:15
 15.  But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all;

KJV Matthew 13:2
 2.  And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.

KJV Matthew 15:30
30.  And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them:

KJV Matthew 19:1-2
1.  And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan;
 2.  And great multitudes followed him; and he healed them there.

KJV Matthew 21:9-12
9.  And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
 10.  And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?
 11.  And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.
12. And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves,

The Apostles too took advantage of teaching anywhere

KJV Acts 5:42
42.  And daily in the temple, and in every house, they ceased not to teach and preach Jesus Christ.

KJV Acts 20:20
 20.  And how I kept back nothing that was profitable unto you, but have shewed you, and have taught you publickly, and from house to house,


1. In Mt 3:1-3, we read of the preaching of John the Baptist 
a. Who was sent to prepare the way of the Lord 
b. The theme of his preaching concerned "the kingdom of heaven" 

2. In Mt 4, we read of the beginning of Jesus' ministry 
a. After His temptation, Jesus preaches a message similar to John's - Mt 4:17 
b. His preaching in Galilee pertained to the "gospel of the kingdom" - Mt 4:23 -- Could Jesus' theme be "the kingdom of heaven"? B. 

1. "for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" - Mt 5:3 
2.  "for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" - Mt 5:10 
3.  "...shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven" - Mt 5:19 
4.  "...shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven" - Mt 5:19 
5.  "...will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven" - Mt 5:20 
6. "Your kingdom come" - Mt 6:10 
7. "But seek first the kingdom of God" - Mt 6:33 
8. ". . . shall enter the kingdom of heaven" - Mt 7:21 –

 Isn't Jesus talking about "the kingdom of heaven"? [Both the setting and His repeated use a particular phrase should lead us to conclude that the "theme" of Jesus' sermon on the mount is: 


Verse 3 – Poor in Spirit – Not high-minded

KJV Luke 18:9-14
9  And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:
10  Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican.
11  The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican.
12  I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
13  And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.
14  I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.

Pride is a terrible sin just as the others – murder etc…
KJV Romans 1:28-32
28.  And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
 29.  Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
 30.  Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
 31.  Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:
 32.  Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

Verse 4 Mourners –

Revelation 21:4
4  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

Verse 5 – The Meek – (Gentle, kind)
I Corinthians 4:21 
21. What will ye? shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meekness?

Verse 6 – Those who hunger and thirst for righteousness

KJV Psalms 107:9  For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.

Verse 7 – Merciful
Matthew 18:21-35

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Copyright 2000 by Brian Yeager may be reproducted for non-commercial purposes at no cost to others.

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